147 terms

1617 WH 1914 to Today

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What was Hitler's job during WWI?
Soldier
What does Mein Kampf mean?
My Struggle
Which two religions are still fighting over Palestine/Israel?
Muslims and Jews
How did a lot of Africans gain the confidence to try to overthrow their colonizers after WWI?
They saw the world and peoples' freedoms
What were Gandhi's protests mainly about?
England's colonizing of India
How were Gandhi's protests different from those before?
They were non-violent
What is the phrase describing Gandhi's protest techniques that involved disobeying laws that were unjust?
Civil Disobedience
How did Gandhi protest the British control of salt in India?
The Salt March: he walked to the sea and picked up salt from the beach. This was illegal. He was jailed.
Why did the US threaten an embargo on Japan?
Japan was taking over countries in Asia and the Pacific
What two things did Hitler do before WWI that violated the Treaty of Versailles?
Started the draft and sent troops to Rhineland
What was the official start of WWII?
Germany invaded Poland
Describe how blitzkrieg worked.
Planes bombing ahead of tanks like a steamroller
Who used blitzkrieg?
Nazis
Which beach in France was stormed to start the Allies' victory march to finally take down Hitler?
Normandy
Which president decided to use the nuclear bomb? Why couldn't FDR make the decision?
Truman, FDR was dead so he wasn't making good decisions
Name the two nuclear bombs dropped on Japan and the cities where they were dropped.
Little boy over Hiroshima and Fat Man over Nagasaki
How many square miles were destroyed in the Little Boy and Fat Man bombings?
About 10 square miles.
Which war had more deaths: WWI or WWII?
WWII
What does anti-Semitism mean?
Hating Jews
Why did the Jews first flee Israel (Palestine)?
To escape the Romans
Which Shakespeare play is argued to have bred anti-Semitism?
The Merchant of Venice
What happened on Kristallnacht?
Jewish businesses and synagogues were vandalized
____ out of every _____ Jews in Europe died during the Holocaust.
2, 3
Which organization was formed after WWII to do the job that the League of Nations couldn't do after WWI?
United Nations
Which organization was formed after WWI to stop another world war from happening? It was very weak and ineffective.
League of Nations
Which two countries 'fought' during the Cold War?
USA and USSR
Why is it called the 'Cold' War?
Because the two sides never really fought each other. It was a war of words.
What is the term for when one country fights in place of another? This happened when the US fought Vietnam, but really wanted to fight USSR.
Proxy war
Which German city did a wall separate after WWII?
Berlin
Who made the "Iron Curtain" speech? What was his position?
Churchill, British Prime Minister of England
What was the Iron Curtain?
An imaginary line in Europe that separated the capitalist west with the communist east
What does MAD stand for? What does it mean?
Mutually Assured Destruction, if one side uses nukes, both sides will die
What were the names of the communist and capitalist alliances that formed after WWII? US and USSR were the two leaders of the groups.
NATO and Warsaw Pact
Which country put the first person in space? Which country put the first person on the moon?
USSR, USA
Which part of Korea is communist today?
North
What were the wars in Korea and Vietnam fought to stop?
Communism
What caused prices to go up so high in Germany after the Great Depression?
Inflation because the German government kept printing more money.
Why was Germany's economy dependent on America's after WWI?
Because Germany was borrowing money from the US to pay back France all of the war-debt they had.
Why do dictators usually take over when times are so bad?
They have simple solutions and it is easy for them to get a lot of power quickly.
What is the goal of Comintern?
To make the whole world communist.
Who is the coolest teacher?
Mr. Brock
Who took over after Lenin died?
Stalin
What was the solution of the Allies to Hitler's first signs of aggression before WWII?
Appeasement (to let him do what he wants)
Why didn't the Maginot Line work?
The Nazis went around it. It wasn't a complete wall.
Where is Pearl Harbor?
Hawaii
Which other groups were killed during the Holocaust?
Gays, handicapped, gypsies
What was the first time nuclear bombs were used in a war?
WWII
What was the first country to use nuclear bombs in a war?
USA
What was the only country to ever be attacked using nuclear bombs?
Japan
AFTER WORLD WAR II, GERMANY BROKE INTO TWO COUNTRIES; ________________, WHICH WAS COMMUNIST AND _____________ WHICH WAS CAPITALIST.
EAST GERMANY, WEST GERMANY
What do most people call the slaughtering of millions of Jews and other European people?
The Holocaust
What do most Jews call the Holocaust?
The Shoah (means disaster in Hebrew)
WHEN PEOPLE ARE LOYAL TO THEIR COUNTRY AND NOT JUST ONE LEADER, WHAT CAN THEY BE CALLED?
NATIONALISTS
WHAT WAS THE NAME OF THE FIRST ANIMAL IN SPACE?
LAIKA
Which country was invaded during the Bay of Pigs invasion?
Cuba
What worried JFK during the Cuban Missile Crisis?
Cuba having nukes
Which country controlled Vietnam since the Opium Wars?
France
Which USSR and US leaders worked together to end the Cold War?
Reagan and Gorbachev
What event is usually considered the end of the Cold War? It happened in Germany?
The fall of the Berlin Wall
What does apartheid mean? What country practiced it?
Apartness, South Africa
Who was the first feely elected president of South Africa? Where was he before he was elected?
Nelson Mandela, prison
What was the name of the theocratic government that took over Afghanistan form 1996 until 2002?
Taliban
Why was Iraq invaded in 2003 by the US?
To find WMDs
Which three modern countries exist today since India was split after WWII?
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
People on which island near China say that they are the real China?
Taiwan
Who was the leader of China during the Cultural Revolution?
Mao
What is the newest country in the world? It was founded in 2011?
South Sudan
What two countries come out of Korea after the Korean war?
North Korea and South Korea
Who was the US president who ordered the Bay of Pigs Invasion?
Kennedy
What event could have ended up being World War III?
The Cuban Missile Crisis
Why did the US want to help the South Vietnamese?
They wanted to help them beat the North Vietnamese communists and make all of Vietnam capitalist.
How were the outcomes of the Vietnam War and the Korean War different?
In Korea, the country split in two with half being communist and half being capitalist after the US withdrew. In Vietnam, the whole country became communist after the US withdrew.
What was the term used by many Americans who feared that if Vietnam became all communist they would end up making other Asian countries communist?
The Domino Effect
Which was the first US war that many Americans were against?
Vietnam War
Which country took over South Africa in the 1800s and started a system of Apartheid there?
England
Why was Mandela jailed?
He was peacefully protesting Apartheid.
What is the name of the government-sponsored separation and mistreatment of blacks in South Africa?
Apartheid
What was so ironic about congress not allowing the US to join the League of Nations?
President Wilson created it
Which nation lent Germany most of the money that it was paying back to France after WWI?
US
Which American history event led to great inflation in Germany following WWI?
The stock market crash
What happens to money during inflation?
Its value goes down
At what times in history can one expect a dictator to take over?
When the economy is bad
What type of government puts the interests of the country in front of the rights of individuals?
Fascism
Which leader came up with fascism?
Mussolini
Which organization was started by Lenin?
Comintern
How were Stalin's and Lenin's plans for the USSR different?
Stalin wanted an industrial country and Lenin wanted an agricultural country
From which country was Mussolini?
Italy
From which country was Stalin?
USSR
From which country was Lenin?
Russia/USSR
From which country was Mao Zedong?
China
From which country was Kim Il-sung?
North Korea
From which country was Ho Chi Minh?
Vietnam
From which country was Franco?
Spain
1. What were the three reasons for WWI?
Nationalism, Militarism, Internal Conflicts
What is nationalism?
love for your country, not a specific leader
What is militarism?
rapidly building up arms for war
Who were the members of the Triple Entente aka the good guys?
France, England, Russia
2. Who were the members of the Triple Alliance aka the bad guys?
Austria Hungary, Germany, Italy (IGA)
3. What happened on June 28th, 1914? Who was involved?
Ferdinand and wife were shot by Princip. (Serbia)
4. What was Princip's problem with Ferdinand? What was Princip's group called?
AH was taking Bosnia. Black Hand.
5. Who joins to help Serbia? Who joins to help AH? Why does England join?
Russia. Germany. Germany attacks Belgium.
6. What did "Home by Christmas" mean?
Thought war would be short.
7. Describe trench warfare and no man's land.
Barbed wire, unsanitary, rats. No man's land = land between the trenches.
8. Who does Germany fight on its two front war?
East = Russia, West = France
9. Who switches sides in WWI?
Italy
10. What were the first airplanes in war used for? How did they fight each other in the air?
Surveillance. Shoot each other pistols.
11. How did submarines cause the US to join WWI?
Sunk Lusitania. Then GER was warned. Then GER started back.
12. How does the Defence of Realm Act show how rights were limited in WWI?
ENG made it illegal to criticize GOV.
13. Why do most Western countries give women the right to vote after WWI?
Proved themselves by working in factories.
14. Why did the Czar's wife listen to Rasputin?
He healed her son.
15. How was the March Revolution different from Bloody Sunday?
In the March Revolution, the troops joined protestors.
16. When Lenin is captured in Germany, what does the army do with him? Why?
Send him to RUS to cause trouble there.
17. Who are the Red and White armies in Russia? Who ultimately wins?
Red = commie, White = non-commie. Red wins.
Why did the White Army lose the Russian Civil War?
They were viewed as outsiders because they were helped by Europe and the US. The Red Army was viewed as purely Russian because they didn't have outside help.
18. How are Czar Nicholas II and his family killed?
Burned and thrown down a mine shaft.
19. What international peacekeeping organization grew out of WWI? Who proposed it?
League of Nations. Wilson.
20. What are three things that came out of the Paris Peace Conference? Who got the short end of the stick?
A/H gone, GER pays FR big time, FR gets Rhineland. GER
21. How many people died in WWI?
10 million
Who fought in the Russian Civil War?
The White Army (supporters of the czar, the US and European countries) v. The Red Army (supporters of communism and Lenin)
Who won the Russian Civil War?
The Red Army
Who fought in the Korean War?
The US and the southern part of Korea v. the northern part of Korea (who was supported by USSR)
Who won the Korean War?
It was a stalemate, but North Korea got to be communist, which it wasn't before.
Who fought in the Vietnam War?
The US and the southern part of Vietnam v. the northern part of Vietnam (who was supported by USSR)
Who won the Vietnam War?
It was a stalemate, but when the US pulled out, all of Vietnam went communist.
Who fought in the Cold War?
It was the US (and countries that liked capitalism) v. USSR (and countries that liked communism)
Who won the Cold War?
USSR surrendered because the government was crumbling, they couldn't keep up with the US in the arms race and their people were starving. US won.
1. What were the three reasons for WWI?
Nationalism, Militarism, Internal Conflicts
2. Who were the members of the Triple Alliance? Who were the members of the Triple Entente?
France, England, Russia - Entente Austria Hungary, Germany, Italy - Alliance
3. What happened on June 28th, 1914? Who was involved?
Ferdinand and wife were shot by Princip. (Serbia)
4. What was Princip's problem with Ferdinand? What was Princip's group called?
AH was taking Bosnia. Black Hand.
5. Who joins to help Serbia? Who joins to help AH? Why does England join?
Russia. Germany. Germany attacks Belgium.
6. What did "Home by Christmas" mean?
Thought war would be short.
7. Describe trench warfare and no man's land.
Barbed wire, unsanitary, rats. No man's land = land between the trenches.
8. Who does Germany fight on its two front war?
East = Russia, West = France
9. Who switches sides in WWI?
Italy
10. What were the first airplanes in war used for? How did they fight each other in the air?
Surveillance. Shoot each other pistols.
11. How did submarines cause the US to join WWI?
Sunk Lusitania. Then GER was warned. Then GER started back.
12. How does the Defence of Realm Act show how rights were limited in WWI?
ENG made it illegal to criticize GOV.
13. Why do most Western countries give women the right to vote after WWI?
Proved themselves by working in factories.
14. Why did the Czar's wife listen to Rasputin?
He healed her son.
15. How was the March Revolution different from Bloody Sunday?
March Revolution, troops joined protestors.
16. When Lenin is captured in Germany, what does the army do with him? Why?
Send him to RUS to cause trouble there.
17. Who are the Red and White armies in Russia? Who ultimately wins?
Red = commie, White = non-commie. Red wins.
18. How are Czar Nicholas II and his family killed?
Burned and thrown down a mine shaft.
19. What international peacekeeping organization grew out of WWI? Who proposed it?
League of Nations. Wilson.
20. What are three things that came out of the Paris Peace Conference? Who got the short end of the stick?
A/H gone, GER pays FR big time, FR gets Rhineland. GER
21. How many people died in WWI?
10 million