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Which of these lists the stages of prenatal development in correct order?

zygote, cleavage, morula, blastocyst, embryo, fetus

The epithelium that lines the stomach and intestines is

simple columnar.

The hyaline costal cartilage that attaches a rib to the sternum forms

a synchondrosis.

All new epidermal cells are produced by the stratum granulosum


The protein fibers of the bone matrix are composed of


The nonliving material surrounding cells is called


During embryogenesis, the embryoblast flattens into an bilaminar embryonic disc composed of

ectoderm and endoderm.

Most of the space within a cell is filled with interstitial fluid.


The most abundant protein of the epidermis is keratin, while the most abundant protein of the dermis is collagen.


A loss of bone mass, especially spongy bone, is usually a result of lack of exercise or deficiency of estrogen after menopause. This disorder is called


The ___ forms by endochondral ossification.


The most common fiber in connective tissue is


This part of a synovial joint encloses the cavity, retains the synovial fluid, and is continuous with the periosteum.


Children have more bones than adults do.


In places, the dermis may exhibit either smooth or skeletal muscle fibers.


Which of the following tissues is found in the dermis of the skin?


The contraction of the piloerector muscles (arrector pili) in humans causes

hairs to stand on end with no apparent function.

Which one of the following bone cells would have the greatest number of lysosomes?


The only type of cell seen in a tendon is


Shiny hair gets its sheen from oil produced by the ___ glands


The house mite, Dermatophagoides, feeds on dandruff which is composed of

keratin and oil

Endochondral ossification is the development of a bone from a cartilage model.


Bones of the skull and clavicle develop by

intramembranous ossification.

The embryonic disc, when first formed, has no mesoderm.


Tendons and ligaments are made predominantly of the protein


In the zone of bone deposition, _____ cells rapidly invade the calcified matrix and lay down bone. Then ______ cells erode the spongy bone to form the marrow cavity.

osteoblast; osteoclast

The epidermis is composed of columnar epithelium.


Intervertebral discs form cartilagenous joints between the vertebrae


Tendons and ligaments, not just bones, are considered part of the skeletal system.


Which of the following is not one of the four primary classes of tissue?

cartilage tissue (epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle)

All glands that release their products by way of ducts, rather than directly into the bloodstream, are called ___ glands


In thick skin, the layers of the epidermis from deep to superficial, respectively, are the stratum

basale, spinosum, granulosum, lucidum, and corneum.

A uniaxial joint like the elbow is capable of which one of the following movements?

flexion and extension

When bone is stressed on one side, it usually bends slightly on the other side and does not fracture. This is due to tensile strength caused by

collagenous fibers

A synchondrosis and symphysis differ only with respect to what type of cartilage joins adjacent bones to each other.


The internal lining of the esophagus and adult vagina is

a stratified squamous epithelium

Stretch marks result from

torn collagen fibers

What type of joint is the epiphyseal plate?


After a cartilage cell becomes trapped in a lacuna, it is called a chondrocyte.


The shoulder is a good example of a hinge joint.


The fastest rate of mitosis is seen in

the stratum basale

All new epidermal cells arise from

the stratum basale

The epithelia of the digestive tract, respiratory tract, urinary bladder, and accessory reproductive and digestive system glands are derived from


During wound healing, macrophages serve to

phagocytize foreign material and the blood clot

A uniaxial joint like the elbow is capable of which one of the following movements?


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