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128 terms

Odyssey Character Review

By Leila :)
STUDY
PLAY
Mentor
Odysseus' friend that helps Prince Telemachus (is really athena)
Athena
Goddess of wisdom, aids Odysseus and Telemachus disguised in many different forms, the bright eyed goddess, pallas
Penelope
Wife of Odysseus, mother of Telemachus, plague by suitors
Antinous
suitor who plagues Penelope
Eurymachus
another suiter who plagues Penelope
Eurycleia
Nanny who raised Telemachus, and oaths to not tell of Telemachus' voyage to Penelope
Zeus
Ruler of all gods, and god of earth
Nestor
King of pylos, father of Pisistratus, son of Neleus
Menelaus
king of sparta, the red haired king
pisistratus
son of nestor, accompanies Telemachus on journey
Agamemnon
Leader of Ithaca in Trojan war, returns to be killed by wife and her new lover, (Aegisthus and Orestes)
Helen
queen of troy, war fought over her, wife of menelaus
Eidothea
goddess who helps menelaus question shape shifter
Proteus
goddess who traps Menelaus after trojan war
xenia
hospitality (in greek)
Hermes
the giant killer, messenger of the gods,
calypso
Odysseus' captor, holds him for 7 years, goddess
Leacothea/Ino
goddess who gives scarf of immortality to O, and helps him when Poseidon attempts to kill O
Alcinous
king of Phaeacians, on island of Scheria, husband to Arete
Arete
wife to alcinous, mother to Nausicaa, white armed queen, queen of scheria,
Nausicaa
daughter of Alcinous and arete, helps Odysseus reach Scheria, and gives him helpful instructions to get help
Laodamas
prince in Scheria who challenges Odysseus kindly in sport (Playfully)
Broadsea
wing man of Laodamas, taunts Odysseus to accept challenge
Demodocus
blind bard of Scheria, resembles Homer
Lotus eaters
people who are "drugged" and have no sense of time or reality, because they eat lotuses
Polyphemus
Cyclops blinded by Odysseus, son of Poseidon
Poseidon
father of Polythemus, does not like Odysseus, (Greek mythology) the god of the sea and earthquakes in ancient mythology
Eurylochus
shipmate of O, does first scout on Circe's island
Elpenor
drunken shipmate of O, on Circe's island who forgets he sleeps on a roof and plummets to his death by breaking his neck
Aeolus
King of Aeolia, can control winds
Antiphates
king of Lauestygonia Cannibalistic Giants
Moly
magical root hermes gives O, to protect him from Circe's poisons
Circe
a witch-goddess, who turns O's men into swines, is sexist toward men, and hosts O and his men for a year on her island
Tiresias
blind prophet on House of Death (island place)
Clymenestra
wife of Agamemnon, kills him for lover
Pylos
King is Nestor, first stop for Telemachus
Laertes
Odysseus' father, husband to Anticlea
Cronus
God of universe, Zeus' father
Sychlla
twelve footed 6 headed monster who lives on a tall crag
Argos
odysseus' dog
Eumaeus
loyal swine herder
polybus
dad of eurymachus
CHECK
achilles
son of peleus and thetis, grandson of aeacus and commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies at troy
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Anticlea
mother of odysseus, wife of laertes, daughter of autolycus
Archaic Age
800 BC - 480 BC
check
Argos
Odysseus' dog
Aristotle
Pupil of Plato, questioned nature of world, human belief, thought and knowledge, inventedbasic scientific method steps, opened school in athens called lyceum
Athens
the great city of Athena, a city
Bronze Age
3000bc to 1150 bc
Charybdis
monster in the form of a giant whirlpool, across from Scylla
Cleisthenes
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy 500bc, broke power on nobility(wealth)
Darius I
king of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)
Dark Age/Doric Age
1150bc to 750 bc
Delian League
alliance of greek citystates against persia invasion
Democritus
presented theory of atoms, philosopher
460-370 BC
Elpenor
shipmate of odysseus, when drunk fell off roof and died
Epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
epic hero
the main character or protagonist in an epic that heroically larger than life, often the source and subject of a legend or a national hero=odysseus
freewill
done of your own accord
fate
an event (or a course of events) that will inevitably happen in the future
Golden Age of Greece
477 to 431 of athens, 5th century BC, advances in science, math philosiphy, art, theatre, architecture, politics,
hamartia
the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
Hector
(Greek mythology) a mythical Trojan who was killed by Achilles during the Trojan War, Prince of Troy; Killed by Achilles
Helios
sun god
Hellenistic Culture
Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire.
CHECK
Herodotus
the ancient Greek known as the father of history

his accounts of the wars between the Greeks and Persians are the first known examples of historical writing (425-485 BC)

1st work of history
Homer
author of book
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
humanism
a philosophy in which interests and values of human beings are of primary importance
Irus
Younger beggar who comes in and challenges Odysseus to a boxing match. He is beaten with one punch.
true name is Arnaeus, ithacan beggar
ithaca
odysseus town, ionian island
justice
the quality of being just or fair
Laestrygonians
giants of laestygonia, legendary clan of giant cannibals
Lotus Eaters
people who eat Lotus plant and which makes them slow paced and spacy, people who feed Odysseus's men lotus plants to make them forget Ithaca
Minoans
earliest Greek civilization that had developed on the island of Crete by 2000 B.C. conquered by mycnaeans
Natural Philosophy
the science of matter and energy and their interactions
Nestor
King of Pylos, father to Pisistratus, oldest of Achean chiefs
Nobody
nickname Odysseus uses to trick Polyphemus
Odysseus
epic hero, father of Telemachus, husband of Penelope, warrior at troy who's idea ended and wom war
Odyssey
a long wandering and eventful journey
Odyssey Themese
CHECK NOTES
Ogygia
Calypso's island
Oracle of Delphi
someone who speaks in tongues as greek god and prophecizes for greeks, , (Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice
Paris
suitor, Son of the king of Troy (Priam), would lead to the death of the Trojans, prince of Troy, abducts Helen from Sparta, begins and is the cause of the war
Parthenon
the main temple of the goddess Athena
Peloponnesian Wars
fought between sparta and athens
1st=truce from plague and no spartan entry for attack,
Sparta won in end athens surrendered
Pericles
introduced direct democracy, fought &led at battle of Salams (persian war)used $$ from delian league to increase athens appearance power and prosperty, strengthen navy made everyone equal to participate in law
Persian Wars
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499-494 B.C.E.) through Darius's punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus. (131)

Greece won
Philip I
father of Alexander the Great and Greek king of Macedonia
Philoetius
cowherd loyal to Odysseus
Plato
philospher, student of socrates, wrote the Republic, introduced vision of ideal society, opened school called Academy, open for 900 yrs, writings influenced philosophical thought in europe for 1500 yrs
polis
greek city state
pride
a feeling of self-respect and personal worth
Protagorus
a sophist philosopher, quiestioned unexamined beliefs and ideas about justice and other traditional value, questioned existence of greek gods
revenge
action taken in return for an injury or offense
Scheria
The island of the Phaeacians where King Alcinous gives Odysseus assistance to make the last sail to Ithaca
Scylla
(Greek mythology) a sea nymph transformed into a sea monster who lived on one side of a narrow strait
drowned and devoured sailors who tried to escape Charybdis (a whirlpool) on the other side of the strait

had 6 heads-monster
Sirens
sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships toward dangerous rocks
Socrates
critic of sohpists, believed absolute standards did ecist for truth and justice, challeneged greeks to question themselves and moral character, died from drinking hemlock (poison) when accused in jury
Sparta
greek city state that is focused on strong military and power, discouraged arts
suitors
men who live in Odysseus' home in Ithaca and wish to marry Penelope
Telemachus
son of penelope and Odysseus who is prince of Ithaca
Thales
a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science

first natural philosopher
Themistocles
Anthenian leader who won persian wars until ostracized (exiled) to wander persia , Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians (527-460 BC)
Theoclymenus
prophet who predicts Odysseus' arrival home, , son of Polypheides, was an exiled prophet from Argos; killing one of his relatives. He fled to Pylos and sought refuge aboard the ship of Telemachus
Tieresius
lives in Hades, blind prophet who tells Odysseus how to get home and how to get Poseidon's acceptance
Trojan Horse
hollow wooden horse filled with Greek men that won Trojan war- thought of by Odysseus
Troy
where trojan war was fought, , city where Paris takes Helen
Ulysses
another name for odysseus (roman name)
Underworld
world of the dead, Hades
Xerxes
son of Darius; became Persian king. He vowed revenge on the Athenians. He invaded Greece with 180,000 troops in 480 B.C.
xenia
hospitality
zeus
(Greek mythology) the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology, father of Athena
Aeolus
god of the winds in ancient mythology
Thales
1st natural philospher
democritus
atoms theory
protagoras
sohhists, questioned gods
Aeschylus
dramatist who wrote tragedies,
sohpocles
tragedies oedipus the king and antigone
euripides
drama, tragedies, medea, powerful woman
aristophanes
comedy writer from 1st great comides
Thucydides
greatest historian, reocurrence of politics and events
pericles
direct democracy, salamis of persian wars, glorified athens
hippocrates
medicince
socrates
critic of sophists, question moral character
plato
student of socrates, ideal society
aristotle
pupilk of plato, nature world human beliefe and though and knowlwnedfe