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Goddess of wisdom, aids Odysseus and Telemachus disguised in many different forms, the bright eyed goddess, pallas
Leader of Ithaca in Trojan war, returns to be killed by wife and her new lover, (Aegisthus and Orestes)
goddess who gives scarf of immortality to O, and helps him when Poseidon attempts to kill O
daughter of Alcinous and arete, helps Odysseus reach Scheria, and gives him helpful instructions to get help
people who are "drugged" and have no sense of time or reality, because they eat lotuses
father of Polythemus, does not like Odysseus, (Greek mythology) the god of the sea and earthquakes in ancient mythology
drunken shipmate of O, on Circe's island who forgets he sleeps on a roof and plummets to his death by breaking his neck
a witch-goddess, who turns O's men into swines, is sexist toward men, and hosts O and his men for a year on her island
son of peleus and thetis, grandson of aeacus and commander of the Myrmidons, Achaean allies at troy
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Pupil of Plato, questioned nature of world, human belief, thought and knowledge, inventedbasic scientific method steps, opened school in athens called lyceum
An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy 500bc, broke power on nobility(wealth)
king of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)
the main character or protagonist in an epic that heroically larger than life, often the source and subject of a legend or a national hero=odysseus
Golden Age of Greece
477 to 431 of athens, 5th century BC, advances in science, math philosiphy, art, theatre, architecture, politics,
(Greek mythology) a mythical Trojan who was killed by Achilles during the Trojan War, Prince of Troy; Killed by Achilles
Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire.
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
his accounts of the wars between the Greeks and Persians are the first known examples of historical writing (425-485 BC)
1st work of history
Younger beggar who comes in and challenges Odysseus to a boxing match. He is beaten with one punch.
true name is Arnaeus, ithacan beggar
people who eat Lotus plant and which makes them slow paced and spacy, people who feed Odysseus's men lotus plants to make them forget Ithaca
earliest Greek civilization that had developed on the island of Crete by 2000 B.C. conquered by mycnaeans
epic hero, father of Telemachus, husband of Penelope, warrior at troy who's idea ended and wom war
Oracle of Delphi
someone who speaks in tongues as greek god and prophecizes for greeks, , (Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice
suitor, Son of the king of Troy (Priam), would lead to the death of the Trojans, prince of Troy, abducts Helen from Sparta, begins and is the cause of the war
fought between sparta and athens
1st=truce from plague and no spartan entry for attack,
Sparta won in end athens surrendered
introduced direct democracy, fought &led at battle of Salams (persian war)used $$ from delian league to increase athens appearance power and prosperty, strengthen navy made everyone equal to participate in law
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499-494 B.C.E.) through Darius's punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus. (131)
philospher, student of socrates, wrote the Republic, introduced vision of ideal society, opened school called Academy, open for 900 yrs, writings influenced philosophical thought in europe for 1500 yrs
a sophist philosopher, quiestioned unexamined beliefs and ideas about justice and other traditional value, questioned existence of greek gods
The island of the Phaeacians where King Alcinous gives Odysseus assistance to make the last sail to Ithaca
(Greek mythology) a sea nymph transformed into a sea monster who lived on one side of a narrow strait
drowned and devoured sailors who tried to escape Charybdis (a whirlpool) on the other side of the strait
had 6 heads-monster
sea nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships toward dangerous rocks
critic of sohpists, believed absolute standards did ecist for truth and justice, challeneged greeks to question themselves and moral character, died from drinking hemlock (poison) when accused in jury
a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science
first natural philosopher
Anthenian leader who won persian wars until ostracized (exiled) to wander persia , Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians (527-460 BC)
prophet who predicts Odysseus' arrival home, , son of Polypheides, was an exiled prophet from Argos; killing one of his relatives. He fled to Pylos and sought refuge aboard the ship of Telemachus
lives in Hades, blind prophet who tells Odysseus how to get home and how to get Poseidon's acceptance
son of Darius; became Persian king. He vowed revenge on the Athenians. He invaded Greece with 180,000 troops in 480 B.C.
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