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19 terms

Early European Explorers

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Bartolomeu Dias
1487 Portugal, Sailed to tip of Africa called the Cape of Good Hope, Inspired further expeditions to search for route to Asia
Vasco da Gama
1497, Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope to India, Gave Portugal water route to Asia
Christopher Columbus
1492, Sailed across the Atlantic and discovered San Salvador,
Amerigo Vespucci
1501, Sailed across Atlantic looking for a sea route to Asia, Realized lands discovered by Columbus were part of a new continent - America was named after him
Vasco de Balboa
1513, Traveled through the jungles of Panama & reached the Pacific Ocean- Named it South Sea,
Ponce de Leon
1513, Traveled through Florida looking for the Fountain of Youth, Led to Spanish settlement in Florida
Ferdinand Magellan
1519, Sailed W around South America to reach Asia - first to sail around the world -voyage took 3 years,1st expedition to circumnavigate the globe, Proved world was round and much bigger than previously thought
Hernando Cortez
1519, Landed on the coast of Central American & defeated the Aztecs, Claimed Mexico for Spain
Francisco Pizarro
1531, Led an expedition to Peru, Gave Spain huge land claim to coast of South America (Peru)
Hernando de Soto
1539, Traveled through Florida and SE America looking for cities of gold, Claimed Southeast US for Spain
Francisco Coronado
1540, While looking for Cities of Gold traveled through present day Arizona and New Mexico, Claimed Southwest US for Spain
Giovanni da Verrazzano
1524, Looked for NW passage Explored Atlantic coastline of NA from Carolinas to Canada, Discovered NY Harbor
Jacques Cartier
1534, Explored Canada looking for the NW passage, traveled up the St. Lawrence River to Montreal, Discovered St. Lawrence River
Father Jacques Marguette & Louis Joliet
1673, Found the Mississippi River, Expanded fur trade and established a fort in Canada for France
Robert La Salle
1682, First European to travel the length of the Mississippi, Expanded fur trading along Mississippi River for France
Samuel de Champlain
1608, Started a fur trading post in Quebec, Known as Father of New France, discovered lake named for him, explored St. Lawrence River, Established French colonies in the New World
John Cabot
1497, Looked for NW passage , Voyage was basis for future English colonies along coast of NA
Sir Francis Drake
1577, "Seadog" raided Spanish ships, 1st Englishman to sail around the world
Henry Hudson
1609 -Dutch, 1610 England, Looked for NW passage, Discovered Hudson Bay