13 terms

Logical Fallacies

Begging the Question
presenting a premise as if it were a fact when it is debatable
ad hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
non sequitur
Latin for "it does not follow." When one statement isn't logically connected to another
appeal to tradition
a proposal that something should continue because it has traditionally existed or been done that way
stating that something should be done (or agreed to) because everyone else thinks this way
false analogy
When two cases are not sufficiently parallel to lead readers to accept a claim of connection between them.
false authority
fallacy in which a claim is based on the expertise of someone who lacks appropriate credentials
false cause
A fallacy that occurs when the alleged cause fails to be related to, or to produce the effect: "the black cat crossing the street brought me bad luck, so I had an accident."
false dilemma
occurs when it is suggested that only two alternatives exist even though there may be others
hasty generalization
drawing conclusions based on insufficient or unrepresentative evidence
trying to provide a simple solution to a complex problem
slippery slope
a fallacy that assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented
appeal to pity
the reader is persuaded to agree by sympathy