Memory that temporaily stores programs and data when the computer is turned on but does not retain the contents when the computer is turned off.
Permanent memory that stores the instructions that tell the computer how to begin to load the operating system and programs.
Software that controls the data flow among computer parts, and provides the platform on which application and network software work
A program used to perform a job or task; examples include word processors, databases, graphics programs, and spreadsheets
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
A silicon chip, stored on the motherboard, which processes data and carries out instructions given to the computer
Devices used to enter information into a computer and interact with the user; for instance, a keyboard, microphone, or pointing device
The chips that store data and programs while the computer is working. Often called RAM or Random Access Memory.
Device such as disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive that is used to store and retrieve data on a computer.
Device that displays the results of computer processing; for example, a monitor, printer, or speaker.