17 terms

unit_8_the digestive system_definitions_NRS

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appendicitis
an inflammation of the appendix. It is a medical emergency that requires the removal of the appendix.
appendix
a narrow, blind tube protruding from the cecum, having no known useful function, in humans being 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm) long and situated in the lower right-hand part of the abdomen.
colon
the lower part of the large intestine extending to the rectum.
the ending of the large intestine
the straight, final part of the large intestine, ending in the anus
cramping
a piercing pain that occurs in the area of the stomach
diarrhea
A condition of having loose or liquid bowel movements.
digest
to convert (food) in the alimentary canal into absorbable form for assimilation into the system.
digestion
the process in the alimentary canal by which food is broken up physically, as by the action of the teeth, and chemically, as by the action of enzymes, and converted into a substance suitable for absorption and assimilation into the body.
inspection
A visual examination of a part of the body
intestine
The portion of the digestive tract extending from the stomach to the anus consisting of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine.
large intestine
The part of the digestive system that absorbs water from the indigestible food matter that has passed through the esophagus stomach and small intestine before that matter is released from the body
use of laxatives
a drug that helps ease bowel movements
digestive system
the system by which ingested food is acted upon by physical and chemical means to provide the body with absorbable nutrients and to excrete waste products; in mammals the system includes the alimentary canal extending from the mouth to the anus, and the hormones and enzymes assisting in digestion.
small intestine
The part of the digestive system where the majority of digestion and absorption of food into the bloodstream takes place. Food enters it directly after passing through the stomach
stomach
A muscular hollow organ of the digestive system which contains strong acids that are used to digest food
swallow
to take into the stomach by drawing through the throat and esophagus with a voluntary muscular action, as food, drink, or other substances.
ulcer
An unusually acidic area in the stomach or the small intestine which is very painful

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