7 Written questions
6 Multiple choice questions
- Hernando was one of the first conquistadors who led armies into South America. Cortes managed to conquer Tenochtitlan after a failed first attempt and with the aid of smallpox he killed many of the Aztecs that lived there. Cortes advancement into South America allowed for other conquistadores or conquerors to make their way there also. Eventually Spain began to mine in South America and generated more gold and silver than was being mined in all the world's mines put together.
- An early English pioneer of Colonization who was able to secure a patent to colonize in the New World. He led an expedition to Newfoundland but was lost at sea.
- The half brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert who sent men to explore land along the North American coast and named Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth (the virgin queen). He soon led to the colonization of Roanoke. The first colonization failed when supplies were not sent to Roanoke on time and the settlers boarded the ships of Sir Francis Drake and left. The second attempt of colonization there that began where the original colony ended also failed when John White, the commander of the colonies' expedition, left for supplies and was unable to return for three years. By the time he got back the island was deserted and the only sign of life was the word "Croatoan" inscribed on a pole. AKA - Lost Colony
- A conquistador like Cortes, who conquered the Incas in Peru and help to begin more advances in South America. Besides miners, farmers, priests, friars and missionaries went to South America after it was conquered by the conquistadores.
- French fur traders and trappers who went far into the wilderness of Quebec and developed extensive trade. The traders formed partnerships with the Indians and lived among them and some even married the Indian women. The fur trade they established helped begin the creation of French agricultural estates along the St. Lawrence River and the creation of military and trade centers at Quebec and Montreal.
- Radical Puritans who began their existence in the 16th century after England formed its own church. They determined to worship in their own independent congregation, despite English law stating that they must do otherwise. They did not want to leave the Church of England but simply change the Anglican forms of worship and reform church leadership. Eventually Puritans were antagonized and they sought new places for refuge. Puritans- left for Holland then to Plymouth.
6 True/False questions
St. Augustine → The first Spanish fort north of Mexico. It was a small military outpost located in Florida and founded in 1565. It was followed by colonizing in the Southwest. The first permanent European settlement in North America.
Prince Henry of Portugal & navigation schools → Prince Henry dedicated much of his life to the promotion of maritime exploration and helped Portugal become an early force in navigation. Portugal became home of Christopher Columbus and Magellan, two prominent explorers.Explored South along West Africa and around Cape of Good Hope to India.
The Protestant Reformation, Martin Luther → A reformation beginning in 1517 which was led by Luther and evolved when Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church. Luther gained a following from Europeans, was excommunicated by the pope and started his own protestant church.
The English Reformation/The Church of England → A reformation beginning in 1517 which was led by Luther and evolved when Luther challenged the Roman Catholic Church. Luther gained a following from Europeans, was excommunicated by the pope and started his own protestant church.
Colonization of Ireland, 'Irish Tactics' → England's first attempt at colonization began in Ireland. Rather than mix with those already living there the English created their own separate societies based upon those who emigrated from England. The English treated the Irish harshly, as they would do to Native Americans.
Puritans → People who wanted to further reform the Church of England and clamored for reforms that would purify the church. Many left England due to economic reasons, also.