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7 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Prince Henry dedicated much of his life to the promotion of maritime exploration and helped Portugal become an early force in navigation. Portugal became home of Christopher Columbus and Magellan, two prominent explorers.Explored South along West Africa and around Cape of Good Hope to India.
  2. A English explorer who was employed by the Dutch to find land for them. He sailed along the river now known as the Hudson River and helped the Dutch to claim the area now known as New York. The Dutch created a series of trading posts on the Hudson, Delaware and Connecticut Rivers to establish New Netherlands. The principal town of New Netherlands was New Amsterdam which was on Manhattan Island.
  3. A economic concept that believes that for one person or nation to grow rich it must be at the expense of another. This led to Europeans trading greatly throughout the fifteen and sixteen hundreds. It also led to colonization, nations looked for new products to trade from areas they could control because there was a need of resources and markets to increase money flowing to Parent Nation.
  4. Hernando was one of the first conquistadors who led armies into South America. Cortes managed to conquer Tenochtitlan after a failed first attempt and with the aid of smallpox he killed many of the Aztecs that lived there. Cortes advancement into South America allowed for other conquistadores or conquerors to make their way there also. Eventually Spain began to mine in South America and generated more gold and silver than was being mined in all the world's mines put together.
  5. Radical Puritans who began their existence in the 16th century after England formed its own church. They determined to worship in their own independent congregation, despite English law stating that they must do otherwise. They did not want to leave the Church of England but simply change the Anglican forms of worship and reform church leadership. Eventually Puritans were antagonized and they sought new places for refuge. Puritans- left for Holland then to Plymouth.
  6. One of the largest military fleets in the history of warfare which was sent to attack England in 1588. The smaller English fleet was able to defeat the armada by using its ease of maneuverability and ended Spain's domination of the Atlantic Ocean and made England the power.

6 True/False questions

  1. QuebecThe first French settlement in America which was established in 1608. Its population grew slowly but they were able to establish relationships with Native Americans. French Jesuit missionaries helped to establish those relationships.

          

  2. Sir Walter Raleigh/ RoanokeThe half brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert who sent men to explore land along the North American coast and named Virginia in honor of Queen Elizabeth (the virgin queen). He soon led to the colonization of Roanoke. The first colonization failed when supplies were not sent to Roanoke on time and the settlers boarded the ships of Sir Francis Drake and left. The second attempt of colonization there that began where the original colony ended also failed when John White, the commander of the colonies' expedition, left for supplies and was unable to return for three years. By the time he got back the island was deserted and the only sign of life was the word "Croatoan" inscribed on a pole. AKA - Lost Colony

          

  3. The Protestant Reformation, Martin LutherAfter a disagreement between the Pope and King Henry VIII(Henry wanted divorce from Catherine (Spain) since she had not given him a male heir-Pope refused so Henry put himself as head of Anglicans). England separated from honoring the Roman Catholic Church to starting its own church, the Church of England. Many believed that the English reformation was not enough and wanted more changes in the church.

          

  4. Francisco PizarroA conquistador like Cortes, who conquered the Incas in Peru and help to begin more advances in South America. Besides miners, farmers, priests, friars and missionaries went to South America after it was conquered by the conquistadores.

          

  5. The English Reformation/The Church of EnglandAfter a disagreement between the Pope and King Henry VIII(Henry wanted divorce from Catherine (Spain) since she had not given him a male heir-Pope refused so Henry put himself as head of Anglicans). England separated from honoring the Roman Catholic Church to starting its own church, the Church of England. Many believed that the English reformation was not enough and wanted more changes in the church.

          

  6. CahokiaThe first French settlement in America which was established in 1608. Its population grew slowly but they were able to establish relationships with Native Americans. French Jesuit missionaries helped to establish those relationships.