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44 terms

Georgia Chapter 1 & 2

Mr.Lewis's Class. Georgia Chapters 1/2.
STUDY
PLAY
Northern and Western
Which two hemisphere's is Georgia located in?
North America
Which continent is Georgia located on?
United States
What nation is Georgia located in?
Southeast
What region is Georgia located in?
Latitude
30-35 degrees N
Longitude
80-84 degrees W
5 Geographical Regions
Appalachian Plateau, Blue Ridge, Piedmont, Coastal Plains, Ridge and Valley
Fall Line
a point at which hilly or mountainous lands meet the coastal plain
Columbus, Macon, Augusta
3 Major Cities located on Fall Line
4 Major Ports
Savannah, Brunswick, Columbus, Banebridge
Blue Ridge, Ridge and Valley, Appalachian Plateau
What regions are the Appalachian Mountains located in?
Georgia's climate
mild with a subtropical feel along the coast; 4 seasons; Temperature varies
7 Wonders
Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge, Stone Mountain, Warm Springs, Radium Springs, Providence Canyon, Okefenokee Swamp
Benefit of Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
Gives commercial and recreational boating traffic safety from storms
Economic Impact of ports of Savannah and Brunswick
1.8 Billion Annual income; 81,000 jobs, 585 million in state and local taxes
Region
an area on Earth's surface that is defined by certain unifying characteristics
Appalachian Plateau
Name the region. limestone caves, deep canyons, interesting rock formations, TAG Point
Appalachian Plateau
Lookout Mountain, Sand Mountain
Ridge and Valley
Name the region. forests and pastures, apple orchards, Dalton "carpet capital of the world", narrow ridges
Blue Ridge
Name the region. NE part of state, Brasstown Bald, sandy loam
Piedmont
"foot of the mountains" sloping hills and valleys in N, flatlands in S
Coastal Plain
3/5 of state, largest, mild climate, Vidalia Onions
wetland
low lying land area where water lies close to the surface creating sloughs, swamps, bogs, ponds, and freshwater marshes
barrier islands
they protect the beaches and mainland by much of the winds, sands, and water that could erode them
continental shelf
portion of the continent or the coastal plain that extends into the ocean
climate
the type of weather a region experiences over a LONG period of time
weather
day to day conditions and changes in the atmosphere
vertical climate
the higher the elevation, the colder the temperature
wind current
continuous movement or flow of air
trade winds
Prevailing winds that blow northeast from 30 degrees north latitude to the equator and that blow southeast from 30 degrees south latitude to the equator
prevailing westerlies
winds that blow west to east between 30 and 60 degrees in the northern and southern hemispheres
ocean currents
large streams of surface seawater
5 States the GA borders
Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, South Carolina, and North Carolina
Geographic Center
Twiggs County; 18 Miles SE of Macon
Average Annual Temperature
65 F
absolute location
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
hemisphere
Half of the earth ( 2 __________)
longitude
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
topography
the surface features of a place or region
Deep Water Ports (2 main ones)
Savannah, Brunswick
Inland Barge Terminal Ports (2 others )
Columbus, Bainbridge
semidiurnal tides
two high tides and two low tides each day
tide
rise or fall of the seal level caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and the moon
estuaries
bodies of water where freshwater rivers and salt water mix

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