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Chapter 11 Section 1
Terms in this set (16)
An oasis is an area in the desert that is watered by a natural spring or well and is fertile for plant growth.
The hijra is the journey Muhammad made from Mecca to the renamed city of Medina which had been called Yathrib- in 622 AD.
The belief in one God.
Islamic house of worship, Muslim temple.
struggle in God's service- some Muslims engage in warfare to spread or defend Islam, other Muslims think jihad is a spiritual struggle over immorality.
sacred word of God- the Muslim's believe it is the word of God and the the final authority for all matters.
Islamic system of Law based on the Quran
bustling market town at the corssroads of two main caravan routes that linked Arabia to Syria and Palestine and the Mediterranean coast and Mesopotamia to the east Africa. Mecca was also a thriving Pilgrimmage center.
nomadic herders, arabic tribes and clans that lived in Arabia during the time of Muhhamad.
an ancient shrine that today Muslims believe as built by Abraham. In Muhammad's time, the Kaaba housed many local gods and goddesses.
married to Muhammad, she was a wealthy widow who ran a prosperous caravan business. He was a devoted father and husband.
People of the Book
Muslims regard Christians and Jews as "People of the Book" and think they are spiritually superior to polytheistic idol worshippers (belief in many gods). In early Muslim societies "People of the Book" enjoyed religious freedom.
How did Muhammad become the prophet of Islam?
Muhammad became a prophet of Islam when he received visions from God that told him to preach against false gods and to urge people to pray to Allah (God) and worship the one true God.
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
declaration of faith that there is only one God and that Muhammad is God's messenger; daily prayer; giving charity to the poor; fasting from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan; and the hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca.
How do the Five Pillars help unite the Muslims?
All Muslims are expected to follow the Five Pillars of Islam and this binds them all together through this common belief and practices.
How do the Quran and Sharia guide the lives of Muslims?
The Quran is the sacred word of God and is the final authority on all matters. The Quran is the complete guide to Muslim life and describes all ethical matters and proper Muslim behavior. The Sharia is the Islamic system of Law that regulates the daily lives of all Muslims. The Sharia applies the teachings of the Quran for the Muslims' daily lives and how Muslim society should function.
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