27 terms

Africa (trans Saharan trade)

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Ghana
Wealthy trade center in West africa made up of villages with local rulers and military
Ghana
Abundant in gold, iron, ivory, animal hides and slaves
Trans Saharan
Linked North Africa and Mediterranean with west Africa
Trans Saharan
Used camels, first traders were camel owning people from desert
Major trader
North African Muslim Arab
Caravan
100-5000 camels, travelled at night with hundreds of people for about 70 days
Trade
Wanted gold, ivory, iron, and slaves=gave salt, horses, cloth, tools and weapons
Empires
Because of new wealth from trade, constructed _____
Empires
All monarchy, relied on slaves and wealth of trade
Women
Domestic servant
Men
State officials, craftsmen, miners, agriculture laborers
City
Within empires, urban and commercial centers where traders exchanged
City
Largely Islamic, centers for manufacturing (beads, iron tools, textiles, and cotton)
Mali
Came after fall of Ghana, built around gold and salt trade
Mali
Doubled size from Mansa musa, Muslim and strong central government
Mali
Had a pilgrimage to Mecca
Timbuktu
Center for learning, had mosques, libraries and universities=attracted scholars
Songhai
Came from trade routes, Sunni Ali expanded empire-conquered Timbuktu=United rural and urban areas
Songhai
Largest African empire in history
Bantu
Migration that spread culture (yams, bananas, language, iron techniques)
Bantu
Made Zimbabwe (stateless society)
Bantu
Took part In Regional see trade with Indian Ocean ports
Islam
Increased trade network to Indian Ocean
East Africa
Cities built on coastline (Swahili with Arabic and Bantu)
East Africa
Afro Arabian culture emerged
South Africa
States developed slower
South Africa
Stateless societies grew
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