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Anthropology Final Exam
Terms in this set (30)
a type of society marked by the presence of cities, social classes, and the state (government)
most pre-industrial civilizations have:
state religion, record keeping, long distance trade, monumental architecture, and cities and complex social organization
the first cities grew out of...
large, dense, permanent settlement, social complexity, economic (ex. Hong Kong)
smaller population, focuses on role that settlements play within regional context (ex. chan chan, peru)
4 urban functions are
political, economic, religious, cultural
large and dense, complex organization beyond villages
a political unit governed by central authority
urban civilization includes
specialization, craftspeople, change in farming methods, religious and intellectual specialists, defense, taxes, justice, welfare, public works, centralized government
what is the evidence for centralized government?
cuneiform tablets in mesopotamia, in excavating and finding monumental structures, writing on walls, etc
stages of writing (4)
pictographs, ideograms, cuneiform, symbols for consonants and vowels
where was evidence for social stratification?
burials and houses
who had a ten points model for the earliest cities?
V. Gordon Childe
what were some changes in farming methods
terraces, canals, raised fields, drainage systems
organizational principles of buildings are clear to observer
very large buildings
what was the favorite shape of the inca
when does the inca empire date to
1440-1532 A.D ( during the spanish conquest )
how many rulers are there in inca history
why are terraces important
it intensifies agriculture
coastal kingdom, large group of farmers, merchants, fishermen, during spanish conquest
how could we tell that chincha was privileged
precious metals like silver, and guano islands, lots of fish they sold
what did chincha mostly trade?
how was the inca empire organized
empire of four quarters, divided into bureaucratic units
what is quipus
records kept on knotted strings
where were the pyramids of Tucume
does the Peruvian coastal desert grow stuff all year, have very rich irrigation, a very rich ocean, and lots of fish?
when was the inca phase (dates)
1470 to 1532 A.D
what happened in 1532 A.D
the spanish conquest, they took over inka
a spanish conquistador who took over the inca empire
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