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believed adults must be baptized


belief of Calvinism

John Calvin

Leader of Calvinism

Martin Luther

believed everyone with faith is equal

Where is the birthplace of the Renaissance?

Northern Italy

What did the invention of the printing press lead to?

Increased literacy and use of the "vernacular" (everyday language)


Group of believers who didn't follow the Catholic Church.


A payment made to the church to release a sinner from a penalty.

Catherine of Aragon

Henry VIII's first wife

Desiderius Eramus and Thomas Moore


According to Machiavelli, is it better to be loved or feared?


John Knox

Leader of the Presbyterians

Anne Boleyn

beheaded after she was unable to give Henry VIII a male child

What caused Henry VIII to split from the Catholic Church?

He wanted a divorce so he could remarry someone who could give him a son.

Anglican Church

Another name for the Church of England


means to set aside, usually to set aside a marriage


technique used in painting, gives depth to the art

Council of Trent

Catholic church came together to agree on the interpretation of The Bible

Focus of humanism

Human potential and achievements

Johann Gutenberg

Invented the printing press

What was the first book ever printed?

The Bible

Renaissance Man

Someone who is good in many areas

Leonardo da Vinci

considered a Renaissance Man because he was a painter, sculptor, inventor, scientist

Medici family

famous family who were considered to be patrons of the arts

Ignatius of Loyola

founder of the Jesuits

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