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The Second Great Awakening
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After the War of 1812, it was clear that the United States needed an improvedinternal transportation system.By 1818, the United States' internal road systemincluded highways that reached into Virginia and Pennsylvania.Between 1800 and 1820, the population of the United Statesnearly doubled.In the early nineteenth century, life in the western territories was characterized byfrequent mobility of the population.After Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, itquickly opened ts northern territories to the United States.The "era of good feelings" following the War of 1812 reflectedrising nationalism and optimism in the United States.What event prompted Spain to negotiate the sale of Florida to the United States?the Seminole WarThe Missouri Compromise of 1820maintained the nation's equal number of slave and free states.In McCullough v. Maryland, the Supreme Court confirmed the"implied powers" of Congress.The Supreme Court ruling in Gibbons v. Ogdenstrengthened the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce.The policy expressed in the Monroe Doctrine was principally directed atEurope.The Monroe Doctrine Declared thatEuropean powers should not engage in the new colonization of the American continents.The writing of the Monroe Doctrinewas an important example of American nationalism.The election of 1828took place within the new two-party system.During the presidential campaign of 1828,Andrew Jackson was labeled a murderer.The first American mill to carry on the processes of spinning and weaving under a single roof was located inWaltham, Massachusetts.In the early nineteenth century, the Deep Southincluded a a vast, productive prairie in Alabama and Mississippi.Shortly after becoming president, James Monroeundertook a goodwill tour of Federalists.The Panic of 1819 resulted in a depression hat lastedsix years.The cotton gin was invented byEli Whitney.Today, the oldest political party in the United States is theDemocratic Party.Spoils system refers togiving out jobs as political rewardsThe Supreme Court ruled in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia thatGeorgia had no authority to negotiate with tribal representatives.The "Trail of Tears" taken by the Cherokees led them to the area that later becameOklahoma.As a result of the United States government's Indian policy, by the end of the 1830snearly all American Indian societies were removed to west of the Mississippi.President Andrew Jackson's success in abolishing the Bank of the United Statesleft the nation with an unstable banking system for many years.Between 1820 and 1840, the population of the Unites Statesrapidly grew, in part due to improved public health.Between 1840 and 1860, the overwhelming majority of immigrants who arrived in the United States came fromItaly ad Russia.Before 1860, the largest single group of arriving Irish immigrants wasyoung, single women.The Erie Canal wasa tremendous financial success.By 1860, factories in he United Stateswere concentrated in he Northeast.In the 1840s, he dominant immigrant group in New England textile mills was theIrishThe rise of the American factory systemled to the creation of skilled workingmen's craft societies.Prior to 1860, the center of economic power in the Southshifted from the upper South to the lower South.Tobacco cultivation in the antebellum Southwas gradually moving westward.During the first half of the nineteenth century, the "cotton kingdom"was the dominant source of the income of the lower South.Between 1840 and 1860, the American South's salve populationmoved from the upper South to the cotton states.The South failed to develop a large industrial economy due to all of the following factors EXCEPTa shortage of labor.A typical white southernerwas a subsistence farmerSouthern whites who did not own slaveswere largely dependent on the plantation economy.The "peculiar institution" was a southern reference toslavery.Within the American South, the insitution of slaverycreated a unique bond between masters and slaves, while isolating blacks and whites from each other and encouraging blacks to develop a society and culture of their own.The slave codes of the American Southdefined anyone with a trace of African ancestry as black.The conditions of a slave's lifedepended in part on the size of the plantation.In general, slaves had more privacy and social real of their ownon large plantations.To "manumit" means toset free.Of the "Five Civilized Tribes", the tribe that best resisted the pressures of removal was theSeminole.Who among the following was NOT a leading Whig at some point during his political career?Martin Van Buren.During its two-decade history, the Whig Party won the presidencytwo times.Most white southerners ownedno slaves.Reform movements emerged i America in the mid-nineteenth century in part because of adesire for social stability and discipline in the face of change.In the mid-nineteenth century, romantisicmNone of these answers are correct.All of the following people helped create a distinct American literature EXCEPTWalt Whitman.Walt Whitmancelebrated the liberation of the individual.Edgar Allen Poe's most famous poem, which established him as a major literary figure, was"The Raven".Transcendentaliatsregarded reason to be the most important human faculty.The transcendentalist writer Ralph Waldo Emrsonasserted that through nature, individuals could find personal fulfillment.The transcendentalist movementmade the first scientific studies on behalf of preserving the natural environment.The transcendentalist Henry David Thoreauargued Americans had a moral right to disobey the laws of the United States.Shaker societiessaw woman exercise more power than men.Mormonismbelieved in human perfectibility.Which statement about Mormonism is False?It advocated sexual equality.Nineteenth-century Protestant revivalists such as New Light revivalistsformed a crusade against personal immorality.In the nineteenth century, cholera epidemics in the United Statestypically killed more than half of those who contracted the disease.During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was theabsence of regulations in the medical profession.Prior to 1860, public education in the United Statesgave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world.A catalyst for an American feminist movement was a London convention in 1840 that dealt withabolition.The 1848 Seneca Falls, New York, convention on women's rightsissued a manifest patterned after the Declaration of Independence.Prior to the Civil War, the religious denomination most active in feminism was theQuakers.Which of the following nineteenth-century leaders is primarily known for her pioneering work in the American feminist movement?Elizabeth Cady Stanton.The American Colonization Society helped to transport blacks from the United States toLiberia.William Llyod Garrison believed the abolitionist movement shouldstress the damage that slavery did to blacks rather than to whites.Prior to the Civil War, free blacks in the North tended to bestrongly opposed to Southern slavery.Fredrick Doulassspent years lecturing in England against slavery.In the 1830s and 1840s, abolitionists were dividedAll of these answers are correct.