Unit Three: Cultural Geography

modification of the natural landscape by human activities
cultural landscape
transformation of the land and the ways that humans interact with environment is the study of
cultural geography
the field that studies the relationship between the natural environment and culture
cultural ecology
4 schools of thought in cultural geography
1. Environmental determinism
2. Possibilism
3. Environmental Perception
4. Cultural determinism
geographers that believe that the physical environment, especially the environment and terrain, actively shape culture so that human responses are completely molded by environment
environmental determinism
people are the primary architects of culture and any physical environment offers many possibilities for a culture to develop
human perception of the environment shapes view of environment
environmental perception
human culture is more important than environment in shaping human actions-- humans in opposition to nature
cultural determinism
complex mis of values, beliefs, behaviors, and material objects