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Flashcards for all of the Motown Movers Team! Definitions from


1. comfort in sorrow, misfortune, or trouble; alleviation of distress or discomfort.
2. something that gives comfort, consolation, or relief: The minister's visit was the dying man's only solace.
3. to comfort, console, or cheer (a person, oneself, the heart, etc.). alleviate or relieve (sorrow, distress, etc.).


1. to render (water, wine, etc.) turbid by stirring up sediment.
2. to disturb or disquiet; irritate; vex: to be roiled by a delay.
3. to move or proceed turbulently.


1. causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful: pernicious teachings; a pernicious lie.
2. deadly; fatal: a pernicious disease.
3. Obsolete . evil; wicked.


1. a medicinal ointment for healing or relieving wounds and sores.
2. anything that soothes, mollifies, or relieves.
3. to soothe with or as if with salve; assuage: to salve one's conscience.


1. to twist awry or out of shape; make crooked or deformed: Arthritis had distorted his fingers.
2. to give a false, perverted, or disproportionate meaning to; misrepresent: to distort the facts.
3. Electronics . to reproduce or amplify (a signal) inaccurately by changing the frequencies or unequally changing the delay or amplitude of the components of the output wave.


1. being in a state of agitation or tumult; disturbed: turbulent feelings or emotions.
2. characterized by, or showing disturbance, disorder, etc.: the turbulent years.
3. given to acts of violence and aggression: the turbulent young soldiers.


1. a narrow opening produced by cleavage or separation of parts.
2. cleavage ( def. 1 ) .
3. Anatomy . a natural division or groove in an organ, as in the brain.
4. to make fissures in; cleave; split.


1. to treat with disdain or contempt, especially by ignoring.
2. to check or reject with a sharp rebuke or remark.
3. to check or stop suddenly (a rope or cable that is running out).
4. to check (a boat, an unbroken horse, etc.) by means of a rope or line made fast to a fixed object.
5. to pull up or stop abruptly in such a manner.
6. an act or instance of snubbing.
7. an affront, slight, or rebuff.
8. a sudden check given to a rope or cable running out, a moving boat, or the like.


1. free from deceit, cunning, or craftiness; ingenuous: an artless child.
2. not artificial; natural; simple; uncontrived: artless beauty; artless charm.
3. lacking art, knowledge, or skill.
4. poorly made; inartistic; clumsy; crude: an artless translation.


1. a building or other shelter, often of a stately or sumptuous character, enclosing the remains or relics of a saint or other holy person and forming an object of religious veneration and pilgrimage.
2. any place or object hallowed by its history or associations: a historic shrine.
3. any structure or place consecrated or devoted to some saint, holy person, or deity, as an altar, chapel, church, or temple.
4. a receptacle for sacred relics; a reliquary.


1. to confuse unintentionally or ignorantly; jumble: to garble instructions.
2. to make unfair or misleading selections from or arrangement of (fact, statements, writings, etc.); distort: to garble a quotation.
3. Archaic . to take out the best of.


1. of an unnatural or sickly pallor; pallid; lacking color: His wan face suddenly flushed.
2. showing or suggesting ill health, fatigue, unhappiness, etc.: a wan look; a wan smile.
3. lacking in forcefulness, competence, or effectiveness: their wan attempts to organize the alumni.
4. Archaic .
a. dark or gloomy.
b. pale in color or hue.
5. to become or make wan.


1. violent or excited behavior that is reckless, uncontrolled, or destructive.
2. a state of violent anger or agitation: The smallest mistake sends him into a rampage. The river has gone on a rampage and flooded the countryside.
verb (used without object)
3. to rush, move, or act furiously or violently: a bull elephant rampaging through the jungle.


1. to make foul, dirty, or unclean; pollute; taint; debase.
2. to violate the chastity of.
3. to make impure for ceremonial use; desecrate.
4. to sully, as a person's reputation.


1. of settled or sedate character; not flighty or capricious.
2. fixed, settled, or permanent.


1. a quick raid, usually for the purpose of taking plunder: Vikings made a foray on the port.
2. a quick, sudden attack: The defenders made a foray outside the walls.
3. an initial venture: a successful foray into politics.
verb (used without object)
4. to make a raid; pillage; maraud.
5. to invade or make one's way, as for profit or adventure: foreign industries foraying into U.S. markets.
6. to ravage in search of plunder; pillage.


1. to reach the highest point, summit, or highest development (usually followed by in ).
2. to end or arrive at a final stage (usually followed by in ): The argument culminated in a fistfight.
3. to rise to or form an apex; terminate (usually followed by in ): The tower culminates in a tall spire.
4. Astronomy . (of a celestial body) to be on the meridian, or reach the highest or the lowest altitude.
5. to bring to a close; complete; climax: A rock song culminates the performance.


1. of or having a fresh, healthy red color: a ruddy complexion.
2. red or reddish.
3. British Slang . damned: a ruddy fool.


an inhabitant of a town, especially a member of the middle class; citizen.


1. to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose.
2. to frustrate or baffle (a plan, purpose, etc.).
3. Archaic .
a. to cross.
b. to extend across.
4. a seat across a boat, especially one used by a rower.
5. a transverse member spreading the gunwales of a canoe or the like.


1. violent in action or spirit; raging; furious: a rampant leopard.
2. growing luxuriantly, as weeds.
3. in full sway; prevailing or unchecked: a rampant rumor.
4. (of an animal) standing on the hind legs; ramping.
5. Heraldry . (of a beast used as a charge) represented in profile facing the dexter side, with the body upraised and resting on the left hind leg, the tail and other legs elevated, the right foreleg highest, and the head in profile unless otherwise specified: a lion rampant.


1. saliva flowing from the mouth, or mucus from the nose; slaver.
2. childish, silly, or meaningless talk or thinking; nonsense; twaddle.
3. to let saliva flow from the mouth or mucus from the nose; slaver.
4. to talk childishly or idiotically.
5. Archaic . to issue like spittle.


verb (used with object)
1. to disturb or disquiet greatly in mind; agitate.
2. to throw into great disorder; derange.
3. Astronomy . to cause perturbation in the orbit of (a celestial body).


1. skill employed in a shrewd or sly manner, as in deceiving; craftiness; guile.
2. adeptness in performance; dexterity: The weaver's hand lost its cunning.
3. showing or made with ingenuity.
4. artfully subtle or shrewd; crafty; sly.
5. Informal . charmingly cute or appealing: a cunning little baby.
6. Archaic . skillful; expert.
7. Obsolete . present participle of can.


1. wandering from place to place without any settled home; nomadic: a vagabond tribe.
2. leading an unsettled or carefree life.
3. disreputable; worthless; shiftless.
4. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a vagabond: vagabond habits.
5. having an uncertain or irregular course or direction: a vagabond voyage.
6. a person, usually without a permanent home, who wanders from place to place; nomad.
7. an idle wanderer without a permanent home or visible means of support; tramp; vagrant.
8. a carefree, worthless, or irresponsible person; rogue.

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