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21 terms

Sociology Vocabulary Chapter 7

This chapter is about deviance and social control. Time for things to get juicy and fun
STUDY
PLAY
deviance
behavior that departs from societal or group norms
negative deviance
behavior that underconforms to accepted norms
postitive deviance
behavior that overconforms to social expectations
deviant
a person who breaks significant societal or group norms
social control
ways to encourage conformity to society's norms
social sanctions
rewards or punishments that encourage conformity to social norms
anomie
a condition where individuals are uncertain about how to act
strain theory
states that deviance is more likely when expectations are unrealistic to individuals abilities
control theory
theory that compliance with social norms requires strong bonds between individuals and society
differential association
A theory that states that the more your are exposed to deviance the more you will likely commit deviance
labeling theory
theory that society creates deviance by identifying particular members as deviant
primary deviance
deviance involving occasional breaking of norms that is not a part of a person's lifestyle or self-concept
secondary deviance
deviance in which an individual's life and identity are organized around breaking society's norms
victim discounting
Process of reducing the seriousness of the crimes that injure people or lower status
white-collar crime
high status people committing crimes that are related to their careers
crime
acts committed in violation of the law
criminal justice system
system comprising institutions and processes responsible for enforcing criminal statutes
deterrence
discouraging crimiinal acts by threatening punishment
retribution
payback
incarceration
being placed in administrative segregarion
recidivism
repeating a criminal behavior over and over