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This chapter is about deviance and social control. Time for things to get juicy and fun


behavior that departs from societal or group norms

negative deviance

behavior that underconforms to accepted norms

postitive deviance

behavior that overconforms to social expectations


a person who breaks significant societal or group norms

social control

ways to encourage conformity to society's norms

social sanctions

rewards or punishments that encourage conformity to social norms


a condition where individuals are uncertain about how to act

strain theory

states that deviance is more likely when expectations are unrealistic to individuals abilities

control theory

theory that compliance with social norms requires strong bonds between individuals and society

differential association

A theory that states that the more your are exposed to deviance the more you will likely commit deviance

labeling theory

theory that society creates deviance by identifying particular members as deviant

primary deviance

deviance involving occasional breaking of norms that is not a part of a person's lifestyle or self-concept

secondary deviance

deviance in which an individual's life and identity are organized around breaking society's norms

victim discounting

Process of reducing the seriousness of the crimes that injure people or lower status

white-collar crime

high status people committing crimes that are related to their careers


acts committed in violation of the law

criminal justice system

system comprising institutions and processes responsible for enforcing criminal statutes


discouraging crimiinal acts by threatening punishment




being placed in administrative segregarion


repeating a criminal behavior over and over

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