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15 terms

Holocaust

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Holocaust
The genocide of approximately 6 million European Jews during WWII by Hitler and the Nazi Party
Genocide
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Wannsee Conference
held by Nazi leaders in 1942 where they decided that the "final solution" of the Jewish question would be genocide.
Madagascar Plan
Nazi plan to get rid of the Jews by expelling them to either the Middle East of Madagascar
Ghettos
Sections of towns and cities in which Jews were forced to live.
Concentration Camps
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
Extermination Camps
Nazi camps equipped with gassing facilities for mass murder of Jews
Auschwitz
Nazi extermination camp in Poland, the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Close to a million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there. (p. 800)
Eugenics
The science of selective breeding applied to humans
Aryan
(according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)
Nuremberg Trials
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
Heinrich Himmler
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
Reinhard Heydrich
Head of the security forces of the S.S.; chaired the Wannssee Conference; responsible for the constructing of the Final Solution
Einsatgruppen
SS paramilitary death squads that took part in the systematic killing of mostly civilians, including: Jews, communists, intellectuals, and others.
Kindertransport
Plan to remove German Jewish children to Britain