Upgrade to remove ads
IB English HL Poetry Terms
Terms in this set (79)
a non-dramatic poem which tells a story, whether simple or complex, long or short. Epics and ballads are examples.
any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings. Subject matter may be as different as romance,religion, and reading. Sonnets and odes are examples.
a poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends. The dramatic monologue is an example.
a poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson. The distinction between _________ poetry and non-__________ poetry is difficult to make and usually involves a subjective judgement of the author's purpose on the part of the critic or the reader. Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism is a good example.
elegiac poem (or elegy)
A poem of mourning, usually about someone who has died.
literary work dealing with shepherds and rustic life., highly conventionalized; it presents an idealized rather than realistic view of rustic life.
a poem written on the subject of poetic art, usually explaining poet's reasons for writing
the arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work. The most common units of __________ in a poem are the line and stanza.
unrhymed iambic pentameter. _________ is the meter of most of Shakespeare's plays.
poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical. The poetry of Walt Whitman is perhaps the best-known example.
close similarity or identity of sound between accented syllables occupying corresponding positions in two or more lines of verse. For a true ________, the vowels in the accented syllables must be preceded by different consonants, such as "fan" and "ran."
the recurrence of stressed and unstressed syllables. The presence of rhythmic patterns lends both pleasure and heightened emotional response to the listener or reader.
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifying the number and the type(s) of feet per line.
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginnings of words. "Gnus never know pneumonia" is an example.
the repetition of similar consonant sounds in a group of words. The term usually refers to words in which the ending consonants are the same but the vowels that precede them are different
a pause, usually near the middle of a line of verse, usually indicated by the sense of the line, and often greater than the normal pause.
devices of sound
the techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry: rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. These are used for many reasons, including to create a general effect of pleasant or of discordant sound, to imitate another sound, or to reflect a meaning.
rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation. Examples include "watch" and "match," and "love" and "move."
a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a period, a comma, a colon, a semicolon, an exclamation point, or a question mark are end-stopped lines.
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.
rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end.
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry. The _______ of a poem emphasizes the musical quality of the language and often relates directly to the subject matter of the poem.
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
u / Example, That TIME of YEAR thou MAYst in ME beHOLD.
/ u (pronounced: tro-kay-ic) Example, TELL me NOT in MOURNful NUMber.
u u / Example, And the SOUND of a VOICE that is STILL
/ u u (pronounced: dact-el-ic) Example, THIS is the FORest priMEval, the MURmuring PINES and the hemlock
one foot per line
two feet per line
three feet per line
four feet per line
five feet per line
six feet per line
seven feet per line
eight feet per line
a verse form suited to the treatment of heroic or elevated themes; iambic pentameter or dactylic hexameter
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme.
a group of words forming a phrase or sentence and consisting of one or more lines repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
a two-line stanza, usually with end-rhymes the same.
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
a four-line stanza with any combination of rhymes.
a six-line stanza. Most commonly, ______ refers to the second division of an Italian sonnet.
an eight-line stanza. Most commonly, _______ refers to the first division of an Italian sonnet.
normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem. The conventional Italian, or Petrarchan _______ is rhymed abba abba cde cde; the English, or Shakespearean, _______ is rhymed abab cdcd efef gg.
a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself. In this way we commonly speak of the king as the "crown," an object closely associated with kingship.
a form of metaphor which in mentioning a part signifies the whole. For example, we refer to "foot soldiers" for infantry and "field hands" for manual laborers who work in agriculture.
an ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things. A ________ may be a brief metaphor, but it also may form the framework of an entire poem.
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. _____s can be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical. There are many more possibilities, and a work may simultaneously use multiple layers of _____.
An opposition or contrast of ideas. Balancing words, phrases, or ideas that are strongly contrasted, often by means of grammatical structure.
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity.
"A land laid waste with all its young men slain" repeats the same "a" sound in laid, waste, and slain.
A harsh, discordant mixture of sounds or tones. May be conscious or unconscious, resulting in harshness of sound or difficulty of articulation.
"Irks care the crop-full bird? Frets doubt the maw-crammed breast?" Browning
A speaker or writer's choice of words (formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, ornate, plain, abstract, concrete); _________ has a powerful effect on tone. Consider the denotation and connotation of the words as well.
A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout lines in a poem.
In "The Bait", John Donne compares a beautiful woman to fish bait and men to fist who want to be caught. since he carries these comparisons all the way through the poem, these are _____________________.
A succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose; the opposite of cacophony. See this example from John Keats "Endymion"
"A thing of beauty is a joy forever:
It's loveliness increases; it will never
Pass into nothingness; but still will keep
A bower quiet for us, and a sleep
Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing."
lines rhymed by their final two syllables--running, gunning; properly, the penultimate syllables are stressed and the final syllables are unstressed
A word or words that are inaccurate literally but describe by calling to mind sensations or responses that the thing described evokes. May be in the form of metaphors or similes, both of which are non-literal comparisons. Shakespeare's "All the world's a stage" is an example (metaphor, specifically).
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
"But when to mischief mortals bend their will,
How soon they find fit instruments of ill" (Pope)
A figure of speech that uses deliberate, extravagant, or even outrageous exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor.
"No; this my hand will rather
The multitudinous seas incarnadine,
Making the green one red." (Shakespeare, Macbeth)
auditory, visual, tactile, olfactory, gustatory sensory details. May be literal or figurative.
A contradiction between what is said and what is meant; incongruity between action and result. Often confused with sarcasm, it is usually lighter, less harsh, more indirect. Frequently achieved through understatement and hyperbole.
a rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable--spent, went
A comparison between two things without using like or as
"The black bat night" (as opposed to a simile which would say, "The night is like a black bat.")
the opposite of hyperbole. It's a kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less than it really is. Example: After Macbeth kills Duncan in the night, he tells Lenox, "Twas a rough night."
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
A main idea or an underlying argument of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly. In poetry, _______, which is abstract, is made concrete through representation in person, action, and image in the work.
A comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
A play on words. In an argument, a ______ usually calls humorous attention to a particular point. Ex: A horse is a very stable animal. Or Hamlet's "Not so, my lord. I am too much in the sun."
A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions. ___________ is used to make these abstractions, animals, or objects appear more vivid to the reader.
To restate in other words
Also referred to as parallel construction or parallel structure, this term comes from Greek roots meaning "beside one another." It refers to the grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity. This can involve, but is not limited to, repetition of a grammatical element such as a preposition or verbal, "It was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of believe, it was the epoch of incredulity....")
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase. Ex: open secret; tragic comedy
use of words that imitate sounds-CRASH, BANG, HISS
the mingling of one metaphor with another immediately following with which the first is incongruous.
a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter
A series of three-line stanzas (tercets) with a defined, "interlocking" rhyme scheme (aba, bcb, cdc, etc.). Most are written in iambic pentameter but, whatever the meter, the established meter remains the same throughout the poem. Shorter poems written in this style can end in a couplet.
metafiction in poetry
fictional writing which self-consciously and systematically draws attention to itself as an artifact in order to pose questions about the relationship between fiction and reality.
"Sieze the day." Has come to be applied generally to literature, expecially to lyric poems, which expemplify the spirit of "Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we shall die."
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Vocab For IB English HL
HL IB English: Literary Terms
IB English Literature Terms
IB English Vocabulary
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
IB English HL Poetry Terms
AP English III Poetry Term
AP Poetry Terms
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Frankenstein Gothic and Romanticism
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Chapter 19 homework
US HISTORY II FINAL EXAM
Science MidTerm - Chemistry
patient care ch. 5