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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (58)
Association of nations or political parties for a common purpose or objective. NATO is an example of a military alliance.
The nations of England, France, United States, and the Soviet Union that worked closely during World War II against the Axis Powers.
Allies (WW II)
The name given to the coalition of England, France, United States and Soviet Union.
Hostility shown toward Jewish people or discrimination against Jewish people.
The policy of granting concessions to potential enemies in order to maintain peace.
The alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Economic system characterized by private ownership of the means of production and by private initiative, competition, and profit.
Restriction of what is written or spoken.
The taking of other lands by a nation for its economic and/or military use.
Economic and political system based on the ownership of property by the community.
A philosophy of living based upon the teachings of Confucius, who influenced the social (patriarchal family, relationships between friends, family members, government and society) and political (use of civil service exams) life of the Chinese people.
The foreign policy goal of restricting the strategic power of a nation or bloc of nations; to contain communism in eastern Europe was the goal of the United States following World War II. This policy was part of the Cold War.
A form of government in which power is held by the people through direct involvement or elected representatives.
Form of government in which all power is held by one person or a small group.
The practice or policy of expanding, usually by obtaining territory.
A system of government marked by stringent social and economic control by a strong, centralized government, usually headed by a dictator.
The mass execution of a race of people.
The period between 1929 and 1941, when unemployment rose to a record high of 25% of the workforce in the United States, bank failures increased, and business bankruptcies occurred every month. The economic problems were almost as severe as this in several European nations. Hiroshima, A Japanese city destroyed by an atomic bomb in 1945.
The organized, systematic killing of over six million Jews during World War II by Nazi Germany; part of Hitler's "final solution."
The basic freedoms that should be shared equally by people, including freedom of religion, speech, and press, trial by jury, as well as the right to live peacefully without the threat of violence and suffering imposed by harsh autocratic rulers.
, The intellectual and cultural movement that stemmed from the study of classical Greek and Latin literature and culture; one of the factors which gave rise to the Italian Renaissance.
Government policy of annexing territory of another region or nation by force or political pressure.
A foreign policy that avoids alliances and other types of involvement with other countries, such as cultural, social, economic, and/or political ties.
Noninterference; used in government and economics to mean a policy of minimal government regulation and supervision of business activities.
League of Nations
An association of nations, which functioned from 1920-1946, whose purpose was to promote international cooperation and world peace.
A region of northeast China.
The idealization and glorification of the ideas and activities of a military class of professionals.
An agreement signed at Munich in 1938 by Great Britain and France, giving Nazi Germany the Sudetenland, a border area that had been ceded to Czechoslovakia after World War I. This attempt to appease Hitler failed.
A Japanese city destroyed by an atomic bomb in 1945.
Pride in or excessive devotion to one's country or its interests.
The organic (trees, soil) and inorganic (water, minerals, iron ore, coal, oil) materials that make up the environment of an area; the type of resource provided by nature, such as, forests or oil.
The political philosophy of the National Socialist party in Germany, under Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers party before and during 1945; the Nazis had complete dictatorial control over the nation.
A weapon powered by a thermo-nuclear reaction, creating more massive destruction in an instant than thousands of conventional weapons.
Trials of Nazi war criminals for their part in the mass execution of Europeans during World War II; included German government and military figures.
US naval base in Hawaii attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941, bringing the US into WW II.
The systematic delivery of a given doctrine or allegation that reflects the views and interests of the giver; not necessarily the truth.
An area that is under the control of another power.
The lower house of the German legislature following World War I. This legislative body gave Hitler power to enact laws without its consent after March, 1933.
A forced payment as punishment for unacceptable behavior or actions; ex. a provision of the Treaty of Versailles that required payments by Germany to other European nations after World War I, accepting blame for its part in the war.
The military dictatorship that, from 27 BC to 476 AD, controlled all the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.
A defensive war strategy in which a nation retreats while burning and destroying all supplies that would benefit an advancing army. The Russians used this policy successfully against Napoleon and Hitler.
The group of republics that comprised the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It included the state of Russia that controlled the republics, whose government was based on the philosophy of communism (1922-1991).
Premier of the Soviet Union after Lenin's death in 1924. He instituted the Five Year Plans from 1928-1941, was responsible the Russification of the Soviet Union, and conducted ruthless purges of his opponents. His grab for land after World War II set the stage for the Cold War.
A Russian city that was the site of a World War II battle; known today as Volgograd.
A part of Czechoslovakia that Hitler believed should be part of Germany in the late 1930s.
Not permitting some action; stopping someone from expressing their opinion through speeches or printed word; often associated with a government's attempt to silence opposing views. See Repression.
Adolph Hitler's regime in Nazi Germany.
Japanese central government 1600-1900 that brought stability to the area; hostile to foreigners.
A system of government by a dictator or a one-party dictatorship that regulates every aspect of citizens' lives.
Treaty of Versailles
In 1919, the peacemakers of World War I summoned representatives of the new German Repubic to the Palace of Versailles to sign the treaty drawn up by the Allies. The U.S. Senate did not ratify the treaty, as part of a rejection of President Wilson and the League of Nations. The treaty was approved by the European nations who exacted heavy penalties (reparations) from Germany for its responsibility for the war, weakened its military, and stripped it of its overseas colonies.
A war in which a country or group of countries must defend its position in two different regions (on two sides).
An international peace keeping organization created in 1945.
A town 15 miles outside of Paris, where the palace of Louis XIV was located; the location where the peace treaty ending World War I was signed.
Warm Water Port
A seaport that does not freeze up, allowing year-round use.
Loosely used term to suggest a technologically advanced, industrialized group of nations; refers to western European nations and their allies who have some form of democracy as a political base.
Woodrow, President of the United States from 1913-1921 who was known for his introduction of the League of Nations in the Treaty of Versailles after World War I ended in 1919.
A term reserved for the blue collar worker or laborer, considered the backbone of industrial nations; those toiling with their hands.
World War II
International conflict beginning in 1939 with Germany's invasion of Poland. It pitted the Axis Powers (mainly Germany, Italy, and later Japan), against the Allies (principally Britain, Russia, and the U.S. after the 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor). The war ended in 1945 with the Allied defeat of the Axis Powers.
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