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26 terms

Ancient Egypt Spelling & Vocab

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pharaoh
ruler of Ancient Egypt
pyramid
huge stone structure built be ancient Egyptians as a royal tombs having a square bases 4 triangular sides.
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system in which pictorial symbols stand for words or sounds.
Egyptian
one who lives or lived in Egypt
tribute
gift or payment to show respect & admiration.
cataract
Steep rapids in a river; large waterfall
papyrus
longs thin reed used by Egyptians to make paper.
Herodotus
ancient Greek historian who traveled to and wrote about ancient Egypt
obelisk
tall, 4 sided pillar of stone that rises to a point
Tutankhamen
Pharaoh whose tomb was discovered by Howard carter in 1922
Rosetta Stone
key to deciphering hieroglyphics translated by Champollion
sphinx
statue with the body of a lion and head of a man
mastabas
flat-topped tombs
reliefs
carved, painted scenes on tomb walls
dynasty
succession of rulers from same family
embalm
to prevent decay of a dead body by treating it with preservatives
canopic jars
used during embalming to hold organs (liver, intestines, stomach, lungs)
mummy
body after it has been embalmed and prepared the ancient Egyptian way; dead body preserved naturally
afterlife
life after death
sarcophagus
coffin
shadoof
used to lift water from the river for irrigation (still used)
kohl
Egyptian cosmetic
regent
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
scarab
beetle (considered sacred to the ancient Egyptians)
Hatshepsut
ruled as regent for son Thutmose III and as pharaoh; pictured with a beard
shabti
magical figurine, servant of the deceased which would carry out the work needed in the afterlife