Crim. Just Ch. 12 exam
Terms in this set (45)
Which of the following is the managed return to the community of an individual released from prison, and the successful transitioning of a released inmate back into the community?
Which of the following is a supervision strategy that uses electronic technology to track offenders who have been sentenced to house arrest, or who have been ordered to limit their movements while completing a sentence involving probation or parole?
Remote location monitoring
Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of probation and parole?
Reduces social costs
Probation, parole, home confinement, and electronic monitoring are examples of:
Which of the following is NOT a function of a probation or parole officer's work?
Assistance to prosecutors by conducting arrests and investigations
Which intermediate sanction resembles a military-style boot camp?
Mempa v. Ray held that a probationer should have the opportunity for ________ before a deferred prison sentence can be imposed.
What kind of parole hearing determines whether the parolee has violated the conditions of his or her parole?
Although it was officially abolished in 1992, what federal authority still makes decisions on who is to receive parole in the federal corrections system?
United States Parole Commission
Which of the following is an early release option under which an inmate who is deemed "low risk" due to a serious physical or mental health condition is released from prison earlier than he or she might have been under normal circumstances?
What form of probation requires face-to-face contacts between the probation officer and the probationer?
Morrissey v. Brewer provides procedural safeguards to parolees at what type of hearings?
Which of the following sentences is NOT an example of an intermediate sanction?
The Second Chance Act of 2008 authorized the spending of approximately 400 million dollars to:
Break the cycle of criminal recidivism.
Revocation of probation or parole:
Requires procedural safeguards, including a hearing.
In 2013, Tom Clements, the chief of a corrections department, was gunned down and killed when he opened the door of his residence to a man whom he believed to be pizza-deliverer, but in reality was a recently paroled dangerous criminal. This happened in which state?
California's Board of Parole Hearings discontinued parole revocation hearings in mid-2013, and moved that responsibility to:
Local criminal court judges.
The Second Chance Act of 2008 was put in place to:
Reduce the number of parolees being returned to prison for technical violations.
A hearing held before a legally constituted hearing body (such as a parole board) to determine whether a parolee or probationer has violated the conditions and requirements of his or her parole or probation is called a:
Which is the 2006 U.S. Supreme Court case that allows police officers to conduct a warrantless search of a person who is subject to parole search conditions even when the sole reason for the search is that the person is on parole?
Samson v. California
Probation and parole services are characteristically poorly staffed and often poorly administered. T/F?
Individuals ordered to be confined to their homes are sometimes monitored electronically to ensure that they do not leave during the hours of confinement. T/F?
A probation officer must get a search warrant before a search of a probationer's residence is permitted. T/F?
Probation is today's most common form of criminal sentencing in the United States. T/F?
A mixed sentence carries a mixed sentence of probation and parole. T/F?
Probation and parole officers both do presentence investigations and client supervision. T/F?
Home confinement is house arrest where an individual is never allowed to leave his/her home under any circumstances, except to go to court. T/F?
Remote location monitoring is a supervision strategy that uses electronic technology to track offenders who have been sentenced to house arrest. T/F?
GPS monitoring has been very successful and is the latest tool being adopted by almost all states to track sex offenders. T/F?
Parole violators account for more than half of prison admissions in many states. T/F?
Reentry courts are specialized courts that help reduce recidivism and improve public safety through the use of judicial oversight and promote positive behavior by the returning prisoners. T/F?
The use of a variety of officially ordered program-based sanctions that permit convicted offenders to remain in the community under conditional supervision as an alternative to an active prison sentence is known as community corrections. T/F?
The revocation of probation is a court order taking away a convicted offender's probationary status and usually withdrawing the conditional freedom associated with that status in response to a violation of the conditions of probation. T/F?
Probation is the status of a convicted offender, who has been conditionally released from prison by an authority before the expiration of his or her sentence.T/F?
Mandatory release is the release of an inmate from prison that is not determined by statute or sentencing guidelines, but by a parole board or other authority. T/F?
A ____________________ sentence explicitly requires the convicted offender to serve a period of confinement in a local, state, or federal facility, followed by a period of probation.
The number of probation or parole clients assigned to one probation or parole officer for supervision is called their ______________.
Community ________ is a sentencing alternative that requires offenders to spend at least part of their time working for a community agency.
_______________ release is the release of an inmate from prison to community supervision under a set of conditions for remaining on parole. If a condition is violated, the individual might be returned to prison or might face another sanction in the community.
_______________ corrections is the use of a variety of officially ordered program-based sanctions that permit convicted offenders to remain in the community under conditional supervision as an alternative to an active prison sentence.
In ______________ v. California, the Supreme Court ruled that police officers may conduct a warrantless search of a person who is subject to a parole search condition, even when there is no suspicion of criminal wrongdoing and even when the sole reason for the search is that the person is on parole.
. In ______________ v. Wisconsin, the Supreme Court ruled that probation officers may conduct searches of a probationer's residence without either a search warrant or probable cause.
A sentencing option that makes use of "boot camp"-type prisons to impress on convicted offenders the realities of prison life is known as ________________ incarceration.
A ____________sentence requires that a convicted offender serve weekends (or other specified periods of time) in a confinement facility (usually a jail) while undergoing probationary supervision in the community.
Most states have parole authorities that decide when an incarcerated offender is ready for conditional release. Some authorities also function as revocation hearing panels. This authority is commonly known as the __________________ board.