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27 terms

APUSH Ch.1

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Ice Age
Extended period when glaciers covered most of the North American continent
Maize
Staple crop that formed the economic foundation of Indian civilization
Cahokia
Important Mississippian culture site, near present day East St. Louis, Illinois
Portugal
First European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa
Mali
Flourishing West African kingdom that had its capital & university at Timbuktu
Indians
Mistaken term that the first European explorers gave to American lands because of the false belief that they were off the coast of Asia
Horses
Animal introduced by Europeans that transformed the Indian way of life on the Great Plains
Malaria
Name one of the major European diseases that devastated Native American populations after 1492
Syphilis
Disease originating in the Americas that was transmitted back to Europeans after 1492
Treaty Of Tordesillas
Treaty that proclaimed a Spanish title to lands in the Americas by dividing them with Portugal
Tenochtitlan
Wealthy capital of the Aztec empire
Mestizo
Person of mixed European and Indian Ancestry
Pope's Rebellion
Indian uprising in New Mexico caused by Spanish efforts to suppress Indian religion
Pueblo Peoples
Indian people of the Rio Grande Valley who were cruelly oppressed by the Spanish conquerors
Father Serra's Brown Robed Franciscan Friars
Roman Catholic Religious Order of Friars that organized a chain of missions in California
Ferdinand & Isabella
Financiers and beneficiaries of Columbus's voyages to the New World
Cortes & Pizarro
Spanish conquerors of great Indian civilizations
Lake Bonneville
Inland sea left by melting glaciers whose remnant is the Great Salt Lake
Dias ans da Gama
Portuguese navigators who sailed around the African coast
Columbus
Italian born explorer who thought that he had arrived off the coast of Asia rather than on unknown continents
Malinche
Female Indian slave who served as interpreter for Cortes
Montezuma
Powerful Aztec monarch who fell to Spanish conquerors
Hiawatha
Legendary founder of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy
Tenochtitlan
Wealthy Capital of the Aztec Empire
St. Augustine
Founded in 1565, the oldest continually inhabited European settlement in the United States territory
John Cabot
Italian born navigator sent by English to Explore North American coast in 1498
Junipero Serra
Franciscan missionary who settled California