Endocrine System Vocabulary Flashcards
Terms in this set (33)
A series of glands that release chemicals into the blood is called the __________ __________
These are chemicals that are released into the blood that affect different parts of the body.
An organ that produces secretions is called a __________
This is an organ with a duct to release secretions into the organs that use them.
This is an organ that releases chemical directly into the blood.
This portion of the brain controls the pituitary gland.
This gland secretes 9 different hormones that affect different endocrine glands.
This gland controls the speed of metabolism by producing thyroxine.
This disorder is caused by too little thyroxine.
This disorder is caused by too much thyroxine.
This gland controls the amount of calcium found in the blood.
The __________ __________ controls blood ions, rate of metabolism, and the fight or flight response,
The __________ aids digestion and controls blood sugar.
These are the female reproductive glands
This is the male reproductive gland.
This chemical is released by the pituitary gland and increases the rate of growth.
Ovulation in women and testosterone production in men is controlled by __________ ___________.
Sperm production in men and estrogen production in women is controlled by __________ __________ __________.
Follicle stimulating hormone
This hormone produced by the pituitary gland decreases the amount of urine formation.
This hormone stimulates labor in pregnant women and bonding in all people.
This hormone controls the rate the body's metabolism works at.
This hormone increases the amount of blood calcium.
This hormone decreases the amount of blood calcium.
This hormone controls the fight-or-flight response.
This word is a synonym for epinephrine.
This hormone suppresses the immune system by decreasing the number of white blood cells.
This hormone produced by the adrenal glands decreases the volume of urine produced.
The __________ stimulate sex hormone release and act as building blocks for estrogen and testosterone.
This hormone decreases blood sugar levels.
This hormone increases blood sugar levels.
This hormone, produced in large quantities by the ovaries, produces female secondary sex characteristics.
This hormone is known as the hormone of pregnancy because it causes changes in women's bodies that allow for pregnancies to continue.
This hormone causes many masculine qualities like increased muscle mass and deeper voice.