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50 terms

Ch. 14 Age of Reform

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utopia
A perfect society.
Second Great Awakening
A period of religious renewal
Charles Finney
A famous 1800's revival preacher.
Horace Mann
"Father of Public Education"
Walt Whitman
An American poet and transcendentalist who was famous for his beliefs on nature.
abolitionist
Someone who worked to end slavery.
Liberia
a West African nation founded in 1822 by the American Colonization Society to serve as a homeland for free blacks to settle. Means "Place of Freedom".
William Lloyd Garrison
An abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal, "The Liberator".
Isabella Baumfree
The original name of the abolitionist Sojourner Truth.
Angelina Grimke
Southern abolitionist who spoke out against slavery and set free slaves she inherited from her parents.
Women Abolitionists
The first American feminists.
Seneca Falls, NY
Site of the first women's rights convention.
suffrage
The right to vote.
Elizabeth Blackwell
The first woman in the US to earn a medical degree.
Lucretia Mott
Leader in the abolitionist and women's rights movements who organized the Philadelphia Female Antislavery Society.
Oberlin College of Ohio
First college in the US to admit women and African Americans.
Dorothea Dix
Schoolteacher who helped reform attitudes toward the mentally ill and improve the condition for prisoners.
Transcendentalists
people who stressed the relationship between humans and nature and the importance of the individual conscience.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin".
antislavery movement
The most pressing social issue for reformers by 1830.
Freedom's Journal
The first African American-owned newspaper in the US.
The North Star
Antislavery newspaper that was edited by Frederick Douglass.
Frederick Douglass
Famous runaway slave, abolitionist, speaker, and writer who could have been caught and returned to slavery.
civil disobedience
The refusal to obey laws that are considered unjust as a means of making change.
The Underground Railroad
A network of safe houses for runaway slaves.
Harriet Tubman
The most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad. "Moses of Her People"
women's rights movement
Many leading abolitionists were also involved in this.
Indiana
First place to allow women to divource their alcoholic husbands.
Education reforms
Were most beneficial to males in the 1800's.
3 Principles of Public Education
Schools should be free and supported by taxes, teachers should be trained, children should be required to attend school.
Lucretia Mott
Quaker women's rights advocate who also strongly supported abolition of slavery, worker's rights, temperance, and peace.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A pioneer in the women's suffrage movement, She helped organize the first women's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848.
Robert Owen
Founded New Harmony, Indiana.
temperance
Drinking little or no alcohol.
Maine
Banned the sale and manufacturing of alcohol in 1851.
New England
First region to provide free education in the early 1800's.
Normal School
Where teachers were taught how to be teachers.
religious groups
Founded colleges/universities usually only for men to be trained as ministers.
Mount Holyoke
First permanent women's college founded by Mary Lyon.
Ashmun Institute
Later renamed Lincoln University; one of the first African American colleges.
Thomas Galludet
Opened Hartland School for the Deaf in 1817.
Dr. Samuel Gridley Howe
Opened the Perkins Institute, a school for the blind in Boston.
Quakers
Religious group who often led the abolitionist movement.
American Colonization Society
Their goal was to buy slave's freedom and send them abroad to start new lives.
passengers
Nickname given to runaway slaves.
conductors
People who helped guide runaway slaves to freedom.
stations
Places (safe houses, barns, attics, churches, etc) where runaway slaves could hide and remain safe from slave catchers.
Susan B. Anthony
Abolitionist and temperance advocate who proposed the constituional amendment to allow women the right to vote..
Wyoming
The first state to allow women the right to vote in 1890.
Henry David Thoreau
A transcendentalist who promoted to idea of civil disobedience as a means of reform.