Groups do not progress linearly from one step to the next, but alternate between periods of inertia and bursts of energy.
What is status structure?
The set of authority and task relations among a group's members; can be egalitarian or hierarchical.
What factors affect group cohesiveness?
- Time - Size - The prestige of the group - External pressure - Internal competition
The longer a group stays together, the more cohesive it will become
Smaller groups tend to be more cohesive.
The Prestige of the Group
Low or high prestigious groups will be cohesive
Decreases cohesion within a team
What factors influence group effectiveness?
- Work team structure - Work team process - Diversity - Creativity
When are teams most appropriate in a work environment?
Team work is a necessity for complex and interdependent tasks
What are the sets of social benefits available to team and group members?
- Group norms - Members work in isolation, but work for a common goal
What are the behaviors required for empowerment?
The development of certain skills if it is to be enacted effectively
For successful CEO's, their peak performance years are usually at around?
What are examples of the primary types of decision making?
- Programmed - Non-Programmed
Routine, or established decision
New, complex, or creative decision making
What are the steps of the decision making process?
- Recognize the problem and the need for a decision - Identify the objective of the decision - Gather and evaluate data and diagnose the situation - List and evaluate alternatives - Select the best course of action - Implement the decision - Gather feedback - Follow up
Rational Decision Making
Logical, step-by-step approach to decision making, with a thorough analysis of alternatives and their consequences
Use either logic or creativity or both, depending on the situation.
What is Henry Mintzberg's view of management decision making?
Managers do not use a systematic, step-by-step approach to decision making.
What are the factors that influence an individual's decision making style?
- Synergy - Social decision schemes
Occurs when group members stimulate new solutions to problems through the process of mutual influence and encouragement within the group.
Social decision schemes
Simple rules used to determine final group decisions