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Absolutism in France and Spain
Terms in this set (28)
Age of Absolutism
European monarchs (Louis XIV of France, Frederick the Great of Prussia, Peter the Great of Russia) wanted power increased to become English monarchs but their power was limited by Parliament.
A government when the rulers power is unlimited
Divine Right of Kings
The belief that rulers received their authority to ruler from God and were answerable only to God
Rulers had unlimited power and everyone was a subject of the ruler and owed loyalty and obedience to the ruler. Power was centralized in the monarch.
Ruler dominated the upper class, who in turn dominated the lower class (social hierarchy) Kings had large parties to symbolize their power and celebrate themselves
The ruler encouraged industry and trade to increase the economy such as mercantilism, expanding navy and army, creating favorable balance of trade. people had to ask permission to trade w/ groups outside of the kingdom
Ruler dominated cultural life as either a patron of the arts or by censoring the art. music, paintings, sculpture, literature, architecture
Effect of Absolutism
France, Prussia, Austria, and Russia dominated the politics in Europe. Small nations struggled against absolute monarchs used balance of power to survive.
Balance of power
A defensive strategy in which weaker countries join together to match or exceed the power of a stronger country
French throne in 1589. Was Huguenot changed to Catholic. "Paris is worth a mass!". Edict of Nantes, attempt to bring peace and unity to France
Appointed as Chief minister for Louis XIII after Henry IV died. wants to make the monarchy absolute. wanted to get rid of the power of nobles & Huguenots. strengthened the power of the regional reps of the kings (intendants)
The Thirty Years War
Started as a Protestant rebel against HRE. France joined them w/ Denmark & Sweden to limit the power of the Hapsburgs. Richelieu wanted to get rid of the Hapsburg's power also.
Treaty of Westphalia
Ends Thirty Years War. France territory along the Rhine River becomes the most powerful state in Europe. Netherlands and Switzerland independent from Spain and Austria. German princes independent of the HRE. HRE and Hapsburgs weakened
Came to the French throne on 1643. Mother devout Catholic. believed in Divine Right of Kings. repealed the Edict of Nantes, to create unity in "one religion"
Louis XIV - Government
"I am the state." Goal to centralize and standardize the complex French bureaucracy. people of his councils were recently ennobled/ upper mid class, the bourgeois. He didn't have to "share" power w/ high nobility. never called Estates General. Weakens the nobility's influence
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