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Someone who crafts an object from raw materials
Sculpture in which the carvings project slightly from the background
Roughly from 3000-1000 BCE when bronze replaced stone for the as the material for tools
A city and possibly the surrounding agricultural area that is also an independent political unit
When human society has advanced to share elements of government, architecture, ideas, etc.
Wedge shaped writing/ the "first" writing done with a stylus on a damp clay tablet and preserved by drying in the sun
Small cylinders decorated by distinctive images. These were rolled on damp clay to leave a rectangular impression to "seal" a deal in business/ equivalent to a signature today
To declare someone a God
When rule of a country or empire is passes down through a family from one generation to the next
Several lands joined together by the rule of one ruler who would be called an emperor
Poems/stories that tell the deeds of great heros
the epic story of the king Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality/ a Sumerian legend, Believed to be the first story
dominance or control
supplying water to agricultural lands by artificial means
a ruler who is a king or queen
the worship of many Gods
Royal Standard of Ur
an artifact from the royal graves of Ur, Containing pictures that were informative to scholars
someone who writes/ usually a revered position in ancient society
a word used to describe a group of people whose language could be traced back to the same root
A monument, vertical in style, small or large, that contained writing or pictures to commemorate or record something
food/goods produced that are extra (not needed for survival) and available to barter/sell
a government under the control of religious leaders
to take over a position without any legal right
small devotional statues that Sumerians left in the ziggurat to appease their gods
A temple in Mesopotamia. I had a distinctive shape and was used to store commodities and goods that were given as offerings. People worked and lived there.