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25 terms

Mesopotamia Vocab

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Artisian
Someone who crafts an object from raw materials
Bas-relief
Sculpture in which the carvings project slightly from the background
Bronze Age
Roughly from 3000-1000 BCE when bronze replaced stone for the as the material for tools
City State
A city and possibly the surrounding agricultural area that is also an independent political unit
Civilization
When human society has advanced to share elements of government, architecture, ideas, etc.
Cuneiform
Wedge shaped writing/ the "first" writing done with a stylus on a damp clay tablet and preserved by drying in the sun
Cylinder Seals
Small cylinders decorated by distinctive images. These were rolled on damp clay to leave a rectangular impression to "seal" a deal in business/ equivalent to a signature today
Deify
To declare someone a God
Dynasty
When rule of a country or empire is passes down through a family from one generation to the next
Empire
Several lands joined together by the rule of one ruler who would be called an emperor
Epic
Poems/stories that tell the deeds of great heros
Gilgamesh
the epic story of the king Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality/ a Sumerian legend, Believed to be the first story
Hegemony
dominance or control
Irrigation
supplying water to agricultural lands by artificial means
Monarch
a ruler who is a king or queen
Polytheism
the worship of many Gods
Royal Standard of Ur
an artifact from the royal graves of Ur, Containing pictures that were informative to scholars
Scribe
someone who writes/ usually a revered position in ancient society
Semitic
a word used to describe a group of people whose language could be traced back to the same root
Stele
A monument, vertical in style, small or large, that contained writing or pictures to commemorate or record something
Surplus
food/goods produced that are extra (not needed for survival) and available to barter/sell
Theocracy
a government under the control of religious leaders
Usurp
to take over a position without any legal right
Votive Statues
small devotional statues that Sumerians left in the ziggurat to appease their gods
Ziggurat
A temple in Mesopotamia. I had a distinctive shape and was used to store commodities and goods that were given as offerings. People worked and lived there.