Terms in this set (43)
the forced joining together of workers and property into collectives, such as rural collectives that absorb peasants and their land.
Great Leap Forward
a Chinese Communist program from 1958 to 1960 to boost farm and industrial output that failed miserably because the goods were poor quality.
Chinese communist program in the late 1960s to purge China of non-revolutionary tendencies that caused economic and social damage.
an imaginary marking 38° of latitude particularly the line across the Korean peninsula, dividing Soviet forces to the north and American forces to the south after World War II.
United Nations were made mostly up of...
americans and south koreans
a defense of line around the city of Pusan, in the southeast corner of Korea.
a thin band of territory across the Korean Peninsula separating North Korean forces from South Korea.
Kim Il Sung
North Korean ruler.
South Korean ruler.
balance of trade
Comparison of how much a country imports and how much it exports.
A balance of trade, in which a country imports more than it exports.
A balance of trade, in which a country exports more than it imports.
Britain begins to produce opium and China gets addicted. They go to war over foreign trade restrictions and in the end China had to pay an indemnity.
payment for a loss in war.
the right for foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation.
revolt of peasants that occurred in China. They argued over taxes, forced labor and corrupt government.
War in which Japan and China thought; Taiwan was given to Japan. The cause of the war was that Japan invaded northern China.
Open Door Policy
An American approach to China; which favorite open trade relations with China and other places
A movement in China by anti-foreigners. Foreigners came in to modernize China and China didn't want that, so it failed.
Chinese emperor that led the hundred days of reform. He encouraged new industries and was part of the Nationalist party.
President of the new Chinese republic. He organized the revolutionary of the people and was for the Communist Party. He organized the three principles of the people which are nationalism, democracy and economic security.
How did Western powers use diplomacy and war to gain power in Qin China?
The organist a multi national Forest and crush the boxers and rescued foreigners surrounded by force in Beijing.
Why did the balance of trade favor western nations?
They were able to use their growing power to tilt the balance of trade with East Asia to their side, and favor. The West modernized, but China wasn't.
What was the taiping rebellion and how did it we can China?
The taping rebellion was a result of presents that occurred in China. It we can China because there were 20 million to 30 million Chinese dance and the Qin dynasty had to share power with regional commanders.
What were some of the attempted reforms during the mid-1800s?
The great leap forward and the self-strengthening movement.
What was the open door policy and how did it affect China?
The open door policy favored open trade relations with China and other places and was an American approach. The Chinese trade was open to everyone on an equal basis and no one told China.
Why did the Qin Dynasty fall
Ci Xi died and they put a two-year-old on the throne and they wanted to chaos, thus ending the dynasty
Demands brought forth by Japan to China that would make a China a Japanese state.
May 4th movement
Movement in China that sought to reform China to make it stronger. A protest to the 21 demands. They came together to go against common traditions, such as foot binding. It helped open doors for women and their education.
A group of elite leaders
A Nationalist party that was in China from 1912 to 1949.
The long march
A march over 6000 miles retreated from Guomindang forces. The Communists set up a new base and Mao rebuilt his forces. Mao's forces treated peasants politely and gained the respect of them.
What were the key challenges China faced in the 1900s?
The economy collapsed, millions of peasants suffered terribly, famine and attacks by bandits. Also, the fight over communism and nationalism.
Explain the struggles between the two parties in China:
The nationals didn't want democracy communism in communist supported democracy and communism. There is a Civil War lasting for 22 years. Also the three principles of the people.
How did the invasion of Japan affect China?
The Japanese killed hundreds of thousands of Chinese soldiers and civilians. Corruption grew in Jiang's government and hasn't started giving their political ideals.
Why did the Japanese attack Nanjing?
Nanjing was an important cultural center and had been the Guomindang before Chongqing. Japan took Manchuria which is why they wanted Nanjing.
How did the long march strengthen Mao's power?
Mao rebuilt his forces and plotted new strategies for fighting the Guomindang. They were able to befriend the peasants.
Why was China a "wildcard" during the Cold War?
There were strategic advantages to improving relations with Communist China after it's split with the Soviet union. Also because there was a chance that that the U.S.A might isolate the Soviets in the west in China in the East.
How did trying to change as a result of the Communist Revolution?
The Communist Revolution greatly changed China society. A one party totalitarian state was made by Mao Zedong. The economy and society were changed greatly through a complete reshape. Schools in factories closed and the economy fell.
How did the United States use the changing relation between China and the Soviet Union to its own advantage?
The United States let the Peoples Republic to replace Taiwan in 1971. They then made a formal diplomatic relationship with China in 1979.
What rolled the UN and China each playing the conflict between the two Koreas?
The united nations prevented North Korean forces from moving forward with the Pusan Perimeter. China sent troops to help North Korean forces.
Why did China become involved in the Korean War?
The US success alarmed them into taking action.
Reformers came together to bring over western technology. It did not work out because the government did't back them.