Literary Terms and Devices
Study for Final
Terms in this set (98)
the attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character; something that comes from the author, but induces the mood of the reader.
poetry that does not rhyme or have regular meter
a comparison made between 2 things that use the words like or as.
an event causing great and often sudden damage or suffering; a disaster. the ending of the Tragic Structure. (act 5)
a play on words that relies on a word having more than one meaning or sounding like another word.
a long speech by one actor in a play or movie, meant to be heard by other characters
A private speech given in a drama in which the character revels his or her private thoughts, not meant to be heard by others.
comic episodes in a dramatic or literary work that offset more serious sections. A releasing of emotional or other tension resulting from a coms episode within the midst of serious or tragic elements in a drama.
syntax is word order; inverted syntax is unusual, "backward" sounding syntax
rhymes of one syllable; a rhyme of final stressed syllables
ex: ( blow/ flow, confess/ redress).
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
The story of a single individuals growth and development. A "coming of age" novel.
basic unit of poetic rhythm used in measurement of a lone verse; usually contains 1 accented syllable with 1 or 2 unaccented syllable.
metrical foot consisting with 2 syllables with the accent on the second syllable.
ex: release, Elaine, compel
a metrical foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable following by one short or unstressed syllable
ex: APple, SUgar, ELla, SOphie
a representation through language of a sense experience. Descriptions of people or objects that evokes one or all of the senses.
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of sight. Something seen in the minds eye.
use of language to represent an experience pertaining to sound; represents the sound.
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of smell; a smell
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of taste; a taste
descriptive language that appeals to the sense of touch; touch
descriptive language that appeals to the internal or emotional sensation: hunger, thirst, fatigue, fear.
use of language to represent an experience pertaining to the movement of muscles, tendons, or joints; movement or tension
Where inanimate objects or abstract concepts are seemingly endowed with human self-awareness; where human thoughts, actions, perceptions, and emotions are directly attributed to inanimate objects or abstract ideas.
a line of verse consisting of five metrical feet
an expression used by a particular group of people with a meaning that is only known through common use.
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
short poetry in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts or feelings. (sonnets, odes)
a poem that tells a story or recounts events (ballad or epic)
a poem in which a speaker addresses a silent or absent listener in a moment of high intensity or deep emotion.
the act of addressing an absent or imaginary person that is not physically present.
A regular pattern of rhythm created by the sound of stressed and unstressed syllables.
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
a correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.
the most literal or specific meaning of a word or expression, the dictionary meaning.
a statement whose 2 parts seem contradictory yet make sense with more thought.
The repetition of a word or words at the beginning of 2 + successive lines or sentences.
Ex: WE Will not fail. WE Will not lose, WE Will go on.
a brief reference to a person, event, place, or to a work of art, famous historical or literary event or figure. Used to summarize broad concepts , complex ideas or emotions in one, quick, powerful image.
the decisive moment in a novel or play. The highest point of the Tragic Structure. (end of act 3)
events leading up to the climax (building tension) (end of act 3)
the repetition of sounds produced by consonants within a sentence or phrase. occurs the middle or end of words or phrases.
a character that contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or story.
the absurd to humorous misuse of a word, especially by confusion with one of a similar sound.
a recurrent image, word phrase, represented object, or action that tends to unify literary work or that may be elaborated into a more general theme; unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work.
the atmosphere or emotional feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage; the emotional condition created by the piece within the setting.
unpredictable, a poems structure that does not follow the rules of traditional poetry.
an implied different between what is said and what is meant. saying one thing and meaning another. the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning;
when the author says one thing and means another; occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought. (sarcasm)
a difference between the expected result and the actual results;
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected.
when an audience percieves something that a character in the literature does not know. (theater) when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
a short quotation at the beginning of some piece of writing used to point out theme.
events after the climax, leading to the resolution. (beginning of act 3, act 4)
the event that sets the plot into motion. usually the force that gives the rising action its momentum.
the first and beginning unit of the tragic structure (acts 1+2)
a word or phrase having a double meaning, especially when the second meaning is sex, off color, or risqué/sexual is some way.
the act of providing vague advance indications
a situation, incident, idea, image, or character type that is found in many different literary works. important ideas that are repeated in the text, as the message, or purpose of the story
a stanza of four lines, 4 line stanzas of any kind
when a word or object that has meaning is used to represent something entirely different;
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
extravagant exaggeration, often n a humorous way, to make a particular point
a comparison made between things which are essentially not alike. does not use like or as.
when ever something is described by comparing it with something else. Goes beyond the literal meaning of words; writing or speech that is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
a rhyme involving 2 syllables; a rhyme between stressed syllables followed by one or more unstressed syllables
ex: stocking/ shocking, glamorous/ amorous.
rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical (imperfect, near, slant)
a 14 line poem versed in iambic pentameter
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
a major category or type of literature characterized by a particular style, form, or content.
a type of narrative poem, tells a story. Meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
a figure of speech which produces a seemingly self-contradictory effect. "deafening silence" "same difference"
a complex lyric poem that develops a serious and dignified tone. Serious in nature, and written to a set structure. Appeals to imagination and intellect. Many commemorate events or praises people.
A metrical line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
the running over of a sentence or phrase from one metrical line to the next.
The suggested meaning of a word. an idea that is implied or suggested
a word which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. Makes the description more expressive.
°whisper °buzzing bee ° squelch
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in neighboring words
When a poet lists a number of things. The listing of words, images, to attributes. Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect.
follows fixed rules; has regular predictable rhythm and rhyme pattern
the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines or verse.
ex: ababbcc (Rhyme Royal) , ababcdcdefefgg
narrative that serves as an extended metaphor
-operates at 2 levels; literal, symbolic
a literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness; °°°making fun of something with the intent of hopefully changing it.°°°
the rhythm and meter that consists of a line of 5 iambic feet, with 10 syllables with 5 unstressed and 5 stressed syllables
a line of verse consisting of four metrical feet. (8 syllables)
the act of creating and describing a character.
when the author directly tells the reader something about the character
when the reader gets the sense of the character through what the character says and does; what other characters say about the character.
repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words; the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
contrary ideas expressed in a balanced sentence; The juxtaposition of 2 words, phrases, clauses, or sentences contrasted or opposed in meaning in such a way as to give emphasis to their contrasting ideas and give the effect of balance.
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
Third person _____. The narrator knows everything about all the characters.
Limited Omniscient POV
Third Person ____. The narrator whose knowledge is limited to one character, either major or minor.
First Person POV
The narrator participates in the action of the story. Narrator might not be relaying the objective truth.
Stream of Consciousness POV
Extension of the person _____. Tries to replicate on the page how we think. Thoughts in the narrators head.
Objective (Dramatic) POV
The writer tells what happens without stating more than can be inferred from the story's action and dialogue. The narrator never discloses anything about what the characters think or feel, remaining a detached observer.
a rhyme that agrees in spelling, but not in sound, at the end of words or verse.
Learning to be Persuasive in the most effective way as possible. The art of observing in any given case the "available means of persuasion"
Persuasion by logical argument
Persuasion by ethical, good intentions
Persuasion by what is immediate and appealing
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