23 terms

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liberal
left wings- belief in government action to achieve equality for all. (opposite of conservative)
conservative
right wing- belief that the government should be for people to have freedom necessary to pursue their own goals. emphasizes the individuals to solve problems. (opposite of liberal)
democrat
a person who beileves in the political or social equality of all people
republican
a person who beileves in a government where representatives are elected.
libertarian
One who beileves in free will and minimizes the role of the state.
green party
political party whos policies are based on concern for the enviroment.
third parties
a political party formed as an independent group from members of one or both of the major parties
party competition
The battle of the parties for control of public offices
rational-choice theory
An economic principle that assumes that individuals always make logical decisions that provide them with satisfaction.
party image
The voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats stand for. (ex. conservatism or liberalism)
party idenification
a citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other.
ticket splitting
voting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices.
party machines
a type of political party organization that relies heavily on material inducements, such as patronage, to win votes and to govern.
patronage
the dispensation of favours or rewards such as public office, jobs, or other valued benefits by a patron.
grassroots organization
hold common people who do not necessarily hold any political office.
coalition
an alliance of political groups formed to pursue a common goal.
party platforms
a list of values and actions which are supported by a political party or individual candidate.
critical election
an electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party.
whigs
formed by Andrew Jackson and the Democrats in 1830s, stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements.
two party system
where two major political parties dominate politics within a government.
coalition system
hen two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature.
winner-takes-all system
an electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded only to the candidates who come in first in their constituencies.
proportional system
an electoral system that awards legislative deats to parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.