37 terms

Reality Therapy

STUDY
PLAY
based on...
choice, underlying problem is that a person is either involved in an unsatisfying relationship or lack a relationship, what CAN clients control in the relationship?
problems stem from
inability to connect, to get close to others, to have a satisfying/successful relationship with at least 1 person
only reason clients should be labeled with a diagnosis
insurance purposes
therapist should act as a
teacher
5 genetic encoded needs
1. survival
2. love and belonging
3. power/achievement
4. freedom/independence
5. fun
quality world
anything we do that feels good is stored in this part of our brain, core of our lives, what is most important?
why is behavior purposeful
it is designed to close the gap between what we want and what we perceive we are getting, we want to satisfy our needs
deal with people ______ they have choices
"as if" they have choices
avoid focusing on ______ and the _____, more focus on the __________
avoid focusing on symptoms and the past, more focus on the present
reality therapy has challenged the traditionally accepted views of _____ and treatment by the use of ______
mental illness, treatment by the use of medication
therapeutic goals
connect or reconnect with the people theyve chosen to be in their quality world, how do we fulfill our needs
therapist role
teach clients how to use self-evaluation, there is always hope
client experience
no backtracking in the past, urgency in therapy,
client/therapist relationship
understanding/supportive, warmth, congruence, concern, respect, willingness to be challenged by others, understand consequences of current behavior
best conceptualized as the ______ of _____
cycle of counseling
1. creating the counseling environment
2. implementing specific procedures that lead to changes in behavior
the environment is...
mildly confrontive yet always noncriticizing, nonblaming, caring environment
approaches to establishing a relationship
attending, suspending judgement, doing the unexpected, using humor, being oneself as a counselor, engaging in facilitative disclosure, listening for metaphors, themes, and summarizing
WDEP system
wants and needs, direction, self-evaluation, planning
encourage clients to
evaluate each component of their total behavior, be honest with yourself, carry out plans to gain effective control
contributions to multicultural counseling
after assessment, clients can formulate realistic plans that are consistent with their cultural values, relationships are the problem in all cultures, all people have same basic needs, provides clients with tools to change, focus on positive steps
limitations for multicultural counseling
environmental forces may prevent change, some clients are reluctant to what they need, some clients may not want to be so assertive
general contributions
short-term focus, commitment to change, action and following through, self-evaluation
limitations
not a lot of emphasis on the unconscious, power of the past, value of dreams, place of transference, counselor may abuse power and imposes values
reality therapy is best described as
a short-term therapy that stresses doing
WDEP stands for
wants, doing, self-evaluation, planning
a reality therapist would most likely respond to a client's complaint of melancholy, sad mood by saying
"sounds like you're depressing"
a reality therapist will primarily focus on
present behavior
A limitation of reality therapy as it applies to multicultural counseling is
oppressed clients may have little choice over their circumstances
a solution-focused brief therapist believes
the client is the expert on his/her own life, the client is inherently competent (a and b)
all of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy except for
using the reflecting team
all are true of solution-focused brief therapists except that they
focus on the client's early childhood experiences
which of these solution-focused therapy techniques involves asking clients to describe times when they were able to solve their problem or when their problem was less severe?
exception questions
the founders of solution-focused brief therapy aew
Insoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer
rational-emotive imagery
imagine thinking, feeling, and behaving as they would in real life, imagine one of the worst things that could happen to you, intensely experience feelings
role playing
rehearse certain behaviors to bring out what they feel in a situation, focus on working through underlying irrational beliefs related to unpleasant feelings
shame-attacking exercises
Ellis developed (REBT) to reduce shame over behaving in certain ways, it is not catastrophic if someone thinks we're foolish
use of force and vigor
forceful dialogues, reverse-role playing, basic part of shame-attacking
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