30 terms

PreCollege Vocab: Visual Arts

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abstract
(Abstract art does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world.)
(n) theoretical, not concrete
抽象
visual
(Towards the end of his life, the musical composer John Cage turned to visual art, creating paintings that are strangely peaceful.)
(adj) related to seeing
视觉的
aesthetic
(Designers must make their products functional and aesthetic.)
(adj) artistic, relating to beauty
审美的
pattern
(Escher was famous for using patterns taken from nature and architecture in his amazing and confusing modern works of art.)
(n) a repeated design
样式
subject
(A favorite subject of the French painter Edgar Degas was the ballerina.)
(n) what the artwork is about
主题
scenery
(The mountainous scenery of Guilin is a favorite subject of traditional Chinese painters.)
(n) view of nature, painted background
景色
decorate
(The children liked the suitcases decorated to resemble animals.)
(v) make more beautiful by adding something
装饰
ornamental
(The tombs of high-ranking Chinese in the Ming Dynasty were highly ornamental.)
(adj) beautiful rather than useful; synonym: decorative
装饰的
decoration
(The bright green decoration gave the room a cheerful appearance.)
(n) adding detail to make beautiful; synonym: ornamentation
(n) an aesthetic detail; synonym: ornament
装饰
pigment
(Chinese first used cobalt oxide pigment from the Middle East to add blue to their pottery.)
(n) chemical producing color
颜料
composition
(Jan Vermeer was a master of composition that balanced many realistic details of a scene.)
(n) how objects in a work of art fit together, process of making art
创作;作品
functional
(Teapots are an example of art that is both functional and beautiful.)
(adj) having a practical purpose; synonym: useful
有用的
exhibit
(The museum exhibited the works of artists who won the photography contest.)
(v) show; synonym: display
(n) a display; synonym: exhibition
展示
illustrate
(The illustrated book of fairy tales was popular with children and their parents.)
(v) accompany with details or pictures
举例说明
carve
(The father carved a beautiful horse out of wood for his daughter's birthday.)
(v) cut away to produce a shape
雕刻
carving
(A Chinese artist has won a place in the Guinness Book of Records after creating the world's longest wooden carving.)
(n) art object created by cutting
雕刻
sculpt
(Michelangelo is often associated with marble, but art historians believe he also sculpted with bronze.)
(v) make by carving or molding clay,
stone, or wood
雕刻
sculptor
(A Michigan sculptor is making a life-size statue of Abraham Lincoln in honor of the President's 200th birthday.)
(n) artist who carves and molds clay; one who makes a sculpture
雕刻家
statue
(The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France to the United States.)
(n) sculpture of a person or animal
雕像
portray
(In India, artists work for months to models of Durga, often portraying the goddess with ten arms to symbolize her strength and power.)
(v ) show or represent, i.e. in a painting, drawing, or sculpture; synonym: depict
描绘;扮演
portrait
(The most famous portrait in the world is Leonardo DaVinci's Mona Lisa, which can be seen in the Louvre Museum in Paris.)
(n) picture of a person
肖像
technique
(Contour drawing is a technique that emphasizes the overall outline of the subject rather than detail.)
(n) a skillful way of doing something, skill, strategy
技能;技巧
inspire
(Georgia O'Keefe's paintings were sometimes inspired by favorite musical works.)
(v) give an idea or desire
激发
element
(The main elements of visual art include: line, shape, form, color, texture and space.)
(n) part (i.e. of an artwork); synonym: component
元素
authentic
(You can tell the Moroccan tribal rug is authentic by its bold, unusual colors and geometric design.)
(adj) real; synonym: genuine; antonyms: fake, inauthentic
真正的
authenticity
(The Depression Era photographs of Walker Evans are prized for their authenticity.)
(n) reality, synonym: genuineness; antonym: falseness
vivid
("Entitled "Quiet Hope", the modern painting featured vivid greens and a glass-like panels.)
(adj) bright, distinct, intense color
生动的
imitation
(Many painters learn their craft through imitation of masters.)
(n) copied from a genuine work; process of copying; antonym: original
模仿
vessel
(Ancient Roman vessels are surprisingly modern in appearance and usefulness.)
(n) container, something that holds a liquid
容器
subtle
(Andrew Wyeth's picture of a man stepping on a weed is subtle.)
(adj) not obvious, delicate
微妙的;精细的