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MUSIC THEORY FINAL - Fall 2015
Terms in this set (78)
the relative minor is a minor 3rd below the major key (3 semi-tones)
How do you find the relative minor key of a major key?
Maj. triad on flat VII, Maj. triad on flat III, Maj. triad on flat VI
What are the 3 most common borrowed chords?
an Authentic Cadence
The V-->I cadence is one of the strongest harmonic endings in Western Music - In traditional theory this cadence is
E half diminished 7th
The notes E-G-Bb-D create what kind of chord?
TRUE or FALSE: The Dominant is the traditional theory name for the V chord -
either F#minor or A major
There are 3 sharps in the key signature - What key is the song in?
on ii, iii, and vi
Looking at all the Diatonic 7th chords in the major scale, on what scale degrees do you find the MINOR 7th
the triads built on 1, 4, and 5
Using the Natural Minor scale, which triads are minor triads?
The Relative Major of 'D minor' is...
Minor 7th chord
Think in the key of C major' - The notes D-F-A-C spell out what type of chord?
The last 2 chords of Handel's "HALLELUJAH" Chorus form a classic Plagal Cadence. This piece is in 'D major' - What
are the last 2 chords?
You are writing a song that features a verse in G minor and a chorus in Bb major - True or false: A key signature with 2 flats will work for the entire song, The verse is in the Relative Minor key compared to the chorus, The same C minor triad would sound like the ii chord in the chorus and the minor iv chord in the verse
Major triad with a minor 7th
What is a dominant 7th chord?
TRUE or FALSE: If you want to feature a Dominant 7th chord built on any scale degree other than V, you will need to
use an accidental -
a Half Cadence
In the key of 'C major', the cadence ii-->V often happens at the midway point in a verse or chorus - This cadence is
on I and IV
Looking at all the Diatonic 7th chords in the major scale, on what scale degrees do you find the MAJOR 7th
Major 7th chord
What type if 7th chord is F-A-C-E
a Plagal Cadence
Which cadence forms the "AMEN" at the end of most traditional hymns?
the vi chord
In addition to the 3 Primary Triads, which chord appears most often in pop/rock worship music?
flat the 3, 6, and 7
What do you need to do to change a major key to natural minor?
Plush / Sweet / Love Songs / Heart Tug
What is the personality of a MAJOR 7th CHORD?
a Deceptive Cadence
When you get to the end of a song and the V chord is preparing you to finish on the I chord, you can extend the song by going to the vi chord instead of the I chord - This harmonic move is called...
What is the Relative Minor of 'C' Major?
In the key of 'D major', which chord would come right before the final D chord in an Authentic Cadence?
What is the Parallel Major Key to Eb minor
Warm / Fuzzy / Cluster /
What is the personality of the MINOR 7th CHORD?
Think of the key of 'C Major' - If you lower the 3rd, the 6th, and the 7th scale degrees by a half step, what is the
The 3rd degree of the scale is lowered a half step in Minor Keys
What is the primary difference between major and minor keys?
Lowered 3rd, Lowered 6th, Raised 7th
what describes the Harmonic Minor scale?
TRUE or FALSE: The Parallel Minor Key shares the same key signature as the Parallel Major Key -
A minor 7
Think of the song, "JOY TO THE WORLD" in 'C Major' - On the fourth note of this melody (while singing "world") which chord is the best choice for a substitution chord?
A - C# - E - G#
What notes are in an A major 7th chord?
NEEDS to be resolved to home base.
What is the personality of a DOMINANT 7th CHORD -
Major triad with minor 7th
what is a Dominant 7th chord -
TRUE or FALSE: The bass note is by definition the root of the chord -
D minor 7, A7, F7
Think of the song, "AMAZING GRACE" in 'F major' - on the sixth note of this melody (while singing the word 'grace'),
which chords would be good chord substitution options?
the lowered 6th [F] and the raised 7th [G#]
The key of 'A' harmonic minor features the lowered 3rd [C natural] as you would expect plus...
Bb-D-F-Ab; a Bb Dominant 7th chord
You want to use a strong Authentic Cadence to pull your arrangement into the key of Eb major - Which chord below should you choose?
TRUE or FALSE: The minor-major 7th chord is rare, but it does occur naturally in Harmonic minor-
A full diminished 7th chord
What type of chord is created by these notes: A-C-Eb-Gb
In Major Keys, minor 7th chords occur naturally on which scale degrees?
In major keys, the triad built on the third scale degree is...
In a F major triad, what pitch is the 5th?
The 6th degree
In an 'F major scale' what scale degree is the note 'D'?
B, D, F#, A
In a chord chart, the symbol Bm7 would include what notes?
TRUE or FALSE: On guitar each time you move up 1 fret you are moving up 1 half step.
the use if a momentary sharp/flat/natural sign to add in a non-scale tone
The term "accidental" refers to...
In the key of Bb major the "Primary Chords" are...
TRUE or FALSE: The terms 'Diminuendo', 'Diminished', and 'Decrescendo' all
mean to get gradually softer -
The key of 'A' major has how many sharps/flats?
The 'quality' of the triad (whether it is major or minor) is determined by...
True or false: You can build a Major Scale starting on any pitch, as long as you use the correct
sequence of half-steps and whole-steps
Triads that are built on the notes of the major scale using all naturally occurring
scale tones are called...
I - IV - V
The 'Primary Triads' are found on which scale degrees?
TRUE or FALSE: The Secondary Triads are all major in every major key.
The 'Secondary Triads' occur on which scale degrees?
The triad built on the 7th scale degree is diminished
Which naturally occurring diatonic triad is diminished?
A major triad with a raised 5th is...
TRUE or FALSE: You can build a major scale starting on any of the 7 white keys -
Building a scale starting on any of the black keys results in a minor scale.
True or False: On the Circle of Fifths, The key of 'C major' has no sharps or flats, Bb is the 1 flat in the key of 'F major, Bb and Eb are the 2 flats in the key of 'Bb major'.
True or false: thinking in the key of 'G Major': 1 = G = I = Tonic, 4 = C = IV = Subdominant, 6 = E = vi = Submediant, 5 = D = V = Dominant
Raise the 3rd by a half step
How do you change a minor triad to a major triad?
There is no naturally occurring augmented triad in major keys
Of the 7 diatonic triads in major keys, which naturally occurring diatonic triad is augmented?
TRUE or FALSE: The Primary Triads are all major in every major key -
The top line of the staff with a Treble Clef represents what pitch?
When a quarter note gets 1 beat and there are 3 beats per bar, what is the time
TRUE or FALSE: On guitar each time you move up 1 fret you are moving up a
whole step -
the distance between 2 pitches
An 'interval' is...
play 1 octave higher than written
The term '8va' means...
Is this a complete measure in 4/4 time?
1 quarter note + 2 eighth notes + 4 sixteenth notes
accents that occur in unexpected places
'Syncopation' refers to...
TRUE or FALSE: A dotted quarter note is the same length as a quarter note tied to a sixteenth note -
True or false: Every major scale consists of 2 tetrachords, The intervals in the Lower Tetrachord and the Upper Tetrachord are identical, The tetrachords are separated by a Whole Step
In the time of J.S. Bach, the harmony behind many Recitatives with improvised keyboard parts were written using "figured bass", a system similar to the modern 'Chord Chart' system we use today.
What is the time signature of the familiar Christmas Carol, "Silent Night"
Think of the key signature of 'D Major' - What note do you need to add to change
the key signature to 'A Major'?
What does the term "Chord Substitution" mean?
Inserting an alternate chord choice that still fits with the melody
Diatonic chords from a different but related key (such as the parallel minor or a parallel mode). They are used to extend your musical journey temporarily into another world or hint at another key...are called...???
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