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21 terms

AP US: Colonial Society in the Eighteenth Century

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Crevecoueur
Frenchman who commented that the American is a new man who acted upon new principles than those of Europe
immigrants
came from Europe because to escape religious persecution, seek economic opportunities, or just basic freedom
English cultural domination
great majority of population were English.
self-government
government of each colony had a representative assembly that was elected by eligible voters
religious toleration
all the colonies permitted the practice of different religions, but with varying degrees of freedom
hereditary aristocracy
there were no social extremes of Europe. A narrower class system, based on economics was developing at the time.
social mobility
everybody in colonial society had an opportunity to improve their standard of living and social status by hard work
subsistence farming
making just enough food to support the family due to rocky soils and long winters
established church
churches supported by government taxes
Great Awakening
a movement in the 1730s characterized by fervent expressions of religious feeling among the masses.
Jonathan Edwards
initiated the Great Awakening with a series of sermons that argued God was rightfully angry with human sinfulness.
George Whitefield
ignited the Great Awakening with his rousing sermons on the hellish torments of the damned. he had more of an influence than Edwards
Georgian style
architecture of London that was being used in the 1740s for colonies
Poor Richard's Almanack
the witty aphorisms and advice of Franklin that were collected in a single volume
sectarian
colleges that existed to promote the doctrines of a particular religious sect
John Peter Zenger
while the New York jury did not exactly promote freedom of the press, it encouraged newspapers to take greater risks in criticizing a colony's government.
Andrew Hamilton
supported Zenger who printed truthful libel against New York's royal governor
colonial governors
the 13 colonies had similar systems of government by 1750, with a governor acing as chief executive
colonial legislature
voted to adopt or reject the governor's proposed laws
town meetings
the dominant form of local government, in which the people of the town would regularly come together often in a church to vote directly on public issues.
limited democracy
many people were barred from voting-white women, poor white men, slaves, and most free blacks . However some barriers were starting to be removed such as the religious.

Furthermore, the common colonists tended to defer to their "betters" and to depend upon the privileged few to make decisions for them.