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Frenchman who commented that the American is a new man who acted upon new principles than those of Europe


came from Europe because to escape religious persecution, seek economic opportunities, or just basic freedom

English cultural domination

great majority of population were English.


government of each colony had a representative assembly that was elected by eligible voters

religious toleration

all the colonies permitted the practice of different religions, but with varying degrees of freedom

hereditary aristocracy

there were no social extremes of Europe. A narrower class system, based on economics was developing at the time.

social mobility

everybody in colonial society had an opportunity to improve their standard of living and social status by hard work

subsistence farming

making just enough food to support the family due to rocky soils and long winters

established church

churches supported by government taxes

Great Awakening

a movement in the 1730s characterized by fervent expressions of religious feeling among the masses.

Jonathan Edwards

initiated the Great Awakening with a series of sermons that argued God was rightfully angry with human sinfulness.

George Whitefield

ignited the Great Awakening with his rousing sermons on the hellish torments of the damned. he had more of an influence than Edwards

Georgian style

architecture of London that was being used in the 1740s for colonies

Poor Richard's Almanack

the witty aphorisms and advice of Franklin that were collected in a single volume


colleges that existed to promote the doctrines of a particular religious sect

John Peter Zenger

while the New York jury did not exactly promote freedom of the press, it encouraged newspapers to take greater risks in criticizing a colony's government.

Andrew Hamilton

supported Zenger who printed truthful libel against New York's royal governor

colonial governors

the 13 colonies had similar systems of government by 1750, with a governor acing as chief executive

colonial legislature

voted to adopt or reject the governor's proposed laws

town meetings

the dominant form of local government, in which the people of the town would regularly come together often in a church to vote directly on public issues.

limited democracy

many people were barred from voting-white women, poor white men, slaves, and most free blacks . However some barriers were starting to be removed such as the religious.

Furthermore, the common colonists tended to defer to their "betters" and to depend upon the privileged few to make decisions for them.

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