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Combo with "Global Studies 9 Mid-Year Exam Review Sheet—Chapters 1-6 Important People and Accomplishments" and 2 others
Terms in this set (53)
was born about 2,500 years ago. In those times, the only people who could get an education were the nobles and the government officials. Public school did not yet exist in ancient China. There was no public library. There was no internet of course. So, how could a young man learn? he decided the only way was to go to work for a nobleman. Every time the noble traveled, he went with him, including trips to the imperial court and the capital city. He studied and learned until he probably was the most highly educated man of his time. With the nobleman's help, he became a teacher. was willing to teach anyone who wanted to learn. He was the first private teacher in China.
Born in Nepal in the 6th century B.C., Buddha was a spiritual leader and teacher whose life serves as the foundation of the Buddhist religion. he, who would one day become known as Buddha ("enlightened one" or "the awakened"), lived in Nepal during the 6th to 4th century B.C. While scholars agree that he did in fact live, the events of his life are still debated. According to the most widely known story of his life, after experimenting with different teachings for years, and finding none of them acceptable, he spent a fateful night in deep meditation. During his meditation, all of the answers he had been seeking became clear, and achieved full awareness, thereby becoming Buddha.
Alexander the Great
Hee served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. During his time of leadership, he united Greece, reestablished the Corinthian League and conquered the Persian Empire.
is best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. He was believed by the ancient Greeks to have been the first and greatest of the epic poets
Publius Vergilius Maro, usually called Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues, the Georgics, and the epic
Was a Greek philosopher and the main source of Western thought. Little is known of his life except what was recorded by his students, including Plato - born circa 470 BC, in Athens, Greece. We know of his life through the writings of his students, including Plato and Xenophon. His "Socratic method," laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy. When the political climate of Greece turned, was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning in 399 BC. He accepted this judgment rather than fleeing into exile.
was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece. He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the Academy
Ancient Greek philosopher, togetheHe died in 322 B.C., after he left Athens and fled to Chalcis.
The ruler of Babylon, is best known for the development of a code of laws to regulate Mesopotamian society. He was born circa 1810 BC in Babylon, modern day Iraq. The lasting contribution of him on Babylonian society was his set of laws written on twelve stones and displayed publicly for all to see, the most common being, "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth." The laws are commonly known as Hammurabi's Code.
He was arguably the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age— specifically the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars.
CHAPTER 7 - Section 1
(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization,lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups.
the largest ancient Mayan city in the northern part of Guatemala
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins.
A powerful city-state in central Mexico (100-75 C.E.). Its population was about 150,000 at its peak in 600.
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
an extensive area of level and rolling, treeless country, often covered by rich, fertile soil.
Raised fields constructed along lake shores in Mesoamerica to increase agricultural yields.
A payment made by a less powerful state of nation to a more powerful one.
Geography of Americas
* 30,000 age -> paleolithic hunters and food gathers reached North America from Asia across land bridge.
* Land bridge was between Seberia and Asia
* Probablity Hunters followed bison and mamoths
* About 10,000 bc Earth began to warm
* Ice melted, water levels rose
* Large animals (mammonths) died or were killed off.
* Hunters began to hunt smaller animals, fish, gather fruits and r
* People began to MIGRATE (move) toward south and east
* First Americans lived differently and adaoted their lifestyle with the region that they lived in.
* Greatest adaptation or change occured when people learned to grow plants as food and tame or DOMESTICATE animals
- farming may have happened because of the loss of the large animals to hunt
- Neolithic people learned to grow corn, beans, sweet potatoes, peppers, tomatoes and squash
- Change took places from 8,500 bc - 2000 bc
- Early American People first domesticated llamas !
- Farming settlements began to change int0 villages
Legacy of the OLMECS
* Lived in Tropical forests along the Mexican Gulf Coast
* Lasted from 1400 bc - 500 bc
* Created tombs and temples -> suggested that the re was priests and other powerful people.
* Created giant Stone heads
* Through trade spread culture throughout the area
* invented calendar, created cave carvings
* created a form of writing
The WORLD of THE Mayas
* Influenced by the Olmecs
* existed from 300 - 900 AD -
* Grew in the Yucatan area of Mexico and Central America
* Had farms, created channels
* planted corn, (maize)
* Built towering religious pyramids for religious rites
* Tikal was the major ciy
* Made a great deal of trades with other tribes around them
MAYAN Social Classes
* Every city had its own ruling chief
* Nobles served as military leaders and officials who collected taxes and enforced laws
* Most times rulers were men but sometimes women
* Priest held great power
* Most Mayans were farmers. -> they would pay taxes and help build temples when it was not growing seasons.
MAYAN advances in learning
* developed a writing system
* developed 365 day a year calendar
* developed 260 day calandar that followed the orbit of Venus
* invented a number system and understood the value of zero
* About 900 AD the Mayan city became abandoned
* The civilization probably ended due to warfare
Roots of AZTEC CULTURE
* Lasted from 1200's to 1600 AD in the Valley of Mexico
wide roads, massive temples, large apartment buildings
* Had in centerof city Pyramids dedicated to Sun and Moon
* Aztecs worshipped nature goddess and rain god.
* Was conquered by invaders
Arrival of the Aztecs
* Ancestors settled in area around 1200 bc
* Built city around Lake Texcoco
* Built Tenochtitlan -> present day Mexico City
* built chinampas -> - floating islands -> raised corn, squash, and beans -> created canals fot transportation
Conquering an empire
* 1400 -> expanded territiory
* 1500 -> had over 30,000,000 people
* conquered tribes had to pay tribute.
The WORLD OF THE AZTECS
government and society
* Aztecs had a single ruler
* Ruler chosen by council of Nobles ->
* Nobles served as judges, governors of territories ->
* Warriors -> could become a Noble if they killed enough people
* Commoners -> Aztecs who farmed the land
* Slaves -> Bottom of Society
* Long distance runners carried goods and messages across Aztec Empire
* Priest were in a separate class from others
* Chief Aztec God -> HUITZILOPOCHTLI -> battled the forces of darkness -> reborn each morning -> to give him power to win the Aztecs offered human sacrcifices -> the priest would cut out the human sacrifices heart -> hundred of thousands of offerings were made this way
Education and learning
* Priests were keepers of Aztec knowledge -> ran schools for nobles kept ideas on math and astronomy, created the calender
* Aztec physicianbs could set broken bones
* used herbs and medicines
Ruler of Inca society from 1438 to 1471; launched a series of military campaigns that gave Incas control of the region from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca
Picture writing, 800 hieroglyphic symbols, some stood for whole words and some represented syllables. Used to keep important records and historical events.
An arrangement of knotted strings on a cord, used by the Inca to record numerical information.
A mixture of two or more metals.
EARLY PEOPLE OF PERU
-Named after Chavin de Huantar
- 850 b.c -> built a huge temple complex -> worshipped feirce looking god
-> lived on the North coast of Peru
-> developed methods of terracing, irrigation, and fertilization
-> built roads
-> organized relay runners
-> created sun-dried adobe bricks
-> drew glyphs in the desert
THE INCAN EMPIRE
Pachacuti -> founder of Incas -> warrior
Sapa Inca was like Pharaoh in Egypt -> had complete control
Sapa Inca was head religious leader
Queen was called Coya
Nobles rules each region or provenance
Local chiefs of conquered people were allowed to rule their people with an Inca noble
Next region officials carried out day to day business
Quipus showed dates, events, as well as crop production and population
Road and Runners
All conquered people had to speak the Inca language
Steps were made in the mountains and tunnels were dug.
Roads allowed the armies to move quickly
Soldiers were kept on outposts throughout the empire
Inca capital city
Inca daily life was strictly regulated
Inca close knit communities
Farmed on strips of land in the hillsides - held in place by stone walls
Terrance's kept rain from washing soil away
Farmers spent part of the year working for the emperor
The government took ownership of all the crops the farmers made
Polytheistic (believed in many gods)
Offered different gods food, clothing, and drinks
Monthly religious festivals
Chief god was Inti -> the sun god
Blended copper, tin bronze, silver
These alloys were made into eating utensils, weapons and religious items
Surgery on the human skull
Cleaned and uses pain killers
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