Chapter 13 McGraw Hill Texas History "Republic of Texas"
Terms in this set (62)
What did the new Texas choose as it's capital?
What was one reason for the republic's money problems?
The government borrowed $1.25 million to pay for the revolution
What was the main issue between Mexico and the Republic of Texas?
Mexico did not recognize the independence of Texas
Which group supported the republic of Texas
Why did Great Britain sign a trade agreement with the Republic?
They were offered to buy as much Texas cotton as they wanted, and sell British manufactured goods in Texas
Who did the Texas elect to be the first president of the Republic in 1836
In December 1836, which city was designated the capital of Texas for three years?
In order to repay the $1.25 million they borrowed, what did Congress do?
Congress put a tariff (tax) in place
Founded in 1835, these scouts and messengers were put in charge of the Republic's defense
Which issue delayed Texas from joining the U.S.?
In 1837, this country officially recognized the Republic of Texas.
What happened to Comanche leaders when they tried to leave the Peace Talk Fight meeting in San Antonio?
They were killed
In 1839, Lamar moved the capital to a new site in honor of who?
Stephen F. Austin
What do we call the amount of money a national government owes?
Texas leader interested in creating a public education system
On August 11, 1840, who did a military force fight at the Battle of Plum Creek
The Santa Fe Expedition was an effort to claim which state as a part of Texas?
What led many Texans to believe the Cherokees were allied with Mexico?
The Cordova Rebellion
Did Lamar agree or disagree with Sam Houston's policies.
Lamar opposed Houston's policies and became president of the Republic in 1838.
How did Lamar feel about Native Americans?
Hostile - He ordered many attacks. Native Americans suffered under Lamar's policies and failed to bring lasting peace to the frontier.
This marked the beginning of the conflict between the Texans and the Comanche
"Council House Fight" - 7 Texans and 35 Comanches were killed when the Texas Rangers tried to hold Comanches hostage.
Sam Houston spearheaded talks that led to peace treaties with these groups?
11 Native American tribes
What was the "Archive War?"
When Sam Houston ordered documents be removed from Austin because he feared the Mexicans would attack Austin. The documents were returned to Austin in 1844, when it became the capital again.
What was the Santa Fe Expedition?
This was Lamar's attempt to take the city of Santa Fe from the Mexicans.
Commander of the Texas Navy
Definition: to change a constitution or law
Definition: Annual or current income of a government
Definition: Money spent
Why did the Battle of Plum Creek happen?
Comanche raids had continued to grow and threaten the Republic. Plum Creek is located near present-day Lockhart.
Definition: the act that made Texas a part of the United States
Definition: a written promise to repay a sum of money
Definition: Public records, papers or documents
Definition: Council that advises the chief executives
This expedition, led by Texas General Somervell, pursued the Mexican General Adrian Woll into the city of Mier, where the Texans were surprised by 900 Mexican troops and defeated
The Mier Expedition
Definition: Paper money issued during the Lamar presidency to help resolve the Republic's large debt.
What was the meaning of the black beans on the Mier Expedition
Santa Anna ordered the Texan troops to draw beans. 17 black beans were in the mug among the white beans, and those who drew the black beans were killed.
What did Captain Cameron do when his 176 troops of the Mier Expedition were captured?
He drew a white bean, and wept as his 17 men were to be executed. He asked the officers to execute him instead.
How did U.S. President Martin Van Buren feel about annexation (Texas joining the U.S.)?
He opposed annexation of Texas to the U.S. because he didn't want to increase the number of slave states in the U.S., or anger Mexico.
This U.S. President worked with Sam Houston for annexation (during Houston's second term as Texas president)
U.S. President John Tyler
Was Texas a slave state?
Yes, by 1845, when Texas joined the United States, the state was home to at least 30,000 slaves.
Definition: The popular belief during the 1800's that the U.S. must expand its boundaries to the Pacific Ocean.
What year was Texas annexed to the U.S.
Though U.S. President Tyler laid the foundation for the annexation, who was the president in office when the annexation was approved in 1845?
President James K. Polk.
What was the main source of population growth (about 7,000 people per year) during the republic?
What were the terms of the Treaty of Annexation
The federal government (U.S.) would pay off the Republic's debts in exchange for Texas public land. Most Texans hated that idea, because they saw their land as an important revenue (money income$$) source.
Did Lamar support annexation?
Lamar opposed annexation
What was a big issue of the 1844 U.S. presidential election?
Why did the British oppose annexation?
They were concerned about the growing power of the U.S., and they got better trading terms with the Republic of Texas than if Texas was part of the U.S.
Why did Mexico oppose annexation?
Texas and Mexico were arguing over borders and land claims (the Mexicans never really recognized Texas' Independence). Also, Mexico held what is now Utah and Colorado, and if the U.S. owned Texas, it would slowly creep in on more Mexican territory.
How was the joint resolution to annex Texas passed in 1844?
A majority of votes in each house.
Who passed a joint resolution to annex Texas, and when?
U.S. Congress on February 28, 1845
When did Texas become the 28th state in the Union?
February 19, 1846
Texas Constitution was modeled after what?
Other state constitutions (like Louisiana's)
Texas Constitution says governors are elected for how long of a term?
Texas House of Representatives term-length
Two years (age 21 and up)
Texas Senate term-length
Four years (age 30 and up)
Women's rights in the Texas Constitution include...
1. Ability to give their husbands permission to buy and sell the homestead 2. property ownership
Definition:government branch that carries out laws
Executive branch (Governor/President)
Definition: government branch that makes laws
Legislative branch (Senate/Congress)
Definition: government branch that interprets laws
Judicial branch (Judges/courts)
Definition: Highest ranking state officer
Definition: Next highest ranking state officer (ascend)