Commonwealth vs. Hunt
A court case in 1842 where the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled that labor unions were not illegal monopolies that restrained trade.
African Methodist Episcopal churches
First American denomination established by and for African-Americans.
Major canal that linked Great Lakes to New York City, opening upper Midwest to wider development.
Newly developing commercial economy that depended on goods and crops produced for sale rather than for personal consumption.
separate spheres (the cult of domesticity)
Middle-class ideology that emerged with the market revolution and divided men's and women's roles into distinct and separate categories based on their perceived gender differences, abilities, and social functions. Men were assigned the public realm of business and politics, while women were assigned to the private world of home and family.
Sites of early textile mills in New England which were precursors to modern factories. Nearly 80 percent of the workers in Waltham, Lowell, and similar mills were young, unmarried women who had been lured from farms by the promise of wages.
Angelina and Sarah Grimké
Southern-born sisters who were powerful antislavery speakers; later leaders of women's rights movement.
Charles G. Finney
A lawyer turned- Presbyterian minister who conducted revivals in towns like Utica along the Erie Canal and who stressed individual responsibility.
Members of the party that emerged from Jefferson's Republican party as one of the two dominant parties in the second party system.
First secretary of the newly created Massachusetts Board of Education who presided over sweeping reforms to transform schools into institutions that occupied most of a child's time and energy.
Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the first major denomination founded in 1830 in the United States; members were persecuted for many years.
Utopian sect that stressed celibacy and emphasized agriculture and handicrafts; became known for furniture designs long after the community itself ceased to exist.
Tariff of Abominations
Protective tariff of 1828 that infuriated southerners; spawned nullification crisis.
The belief that the physical world is secondary to the spiritual realm, which humans can reach only by intuition.