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African Studies Final 235
Terms in this set (113)
Zanj (Zenj) was the Arabic term for
the East African coast.
Arabic writer, aL-Masudi during the 10th century describes the peoples of this land in the quotation below:
The monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean blew north
April to October
The main African Commodity sought by overseas traders was BLANK. The high demand was created by its use for making ceremonial chairs for the nobility in BLANK and for making ornately-carved dagger-handles and sword-scabbards in BLANK.
ivory, China, India
The Indian Ocean trading networks of the time period covering 1000-1500 CE did not include
What was the source wealth of the Swahili sultanates located in eastern Africa?
sea trade with Asia and Europe
refers to the peoples of the eat african coast.
Kiswahili has a Bantu base with elements of
The Swahili city-states of east Africa possessed a sophisticated culture and engaged in an extremely rich trade.
All but BLANK were major exports of Swahili city-states.
Many of the major Swahili cities were located
along the coast of east Africa
With what markets did the East African towns trade?
all of the above
All of the following were Swahili city-states except
Arab pastoral nomads
What was the fundamental social grouping of the Bedouins?
small family-sized clans
During which period did the local populations of Egypt and the Maghrib become largely Arabic-speaking?
In BLANK the Fatimids conquered Egypt, and the dynasty continued until the last caliph died and Salah al-Din came to power in BLANK.
Which of the following was not conquered or defeated by the Portuguese?
Kill was the wealthiest of the Swahili city-states owing to its natural deep water harbors and especially to its near monopoly over exported from the interior of Zimbabwe.
The Zimbabwe Plateau is located
southwest of Azania
After sacking the Swahili towns, the Portuguese
built new forts
What name did the Greek and Roman traders of early centuries CE give to the east African coast?
What was the main livelihood of the people of Azania?
Why did Muslim Arabs settle in the east African coastal towns?
They sought to control the local trade of every and gold to their advantage
The first peoples of the island Madagascar were of all of the following except for
The spread of what religion boosted Indian Ocean trade?
Relations between the Swahili towns were generally BLANK.
In which period did the Muslim immigration from the Persian Gulf and Oman increased?
The importance of cattle include
all of the above
Given the following, what is the most significant historical feature of the Leopard Kopje culture?
was a precursor to Great Zimbabwe
What was arguably the first urban center of southern African?
What largely accounts for Great Zimbabwe's rise in power and wealth?
the capital's strategic position for trade
The Great Enclosure, a large stone compound, served as the main residence of the royal family of
Great Zimbabwe was built by the ancestors of which people?
Great Zimbabwe was
the capital city of a late Shona state built of entirely of stone without the use of mortar
By 1450, the site of Great Zimbabwe was abandoned for all of the following reasons except for
the soil was fertile
Choose the correct chronological order of these southern African states which formed and flourished during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.
Ingombe Ilede, Great Zimbabwe, Mutapa
Who founded the Mutapa state around 1420?
Why did the Portuguese invade the Mutapa state in 1517?
The wanted to control the Munhumutapa and the gold mines of the Mutapa state
Both west African and central African chieftaincy or kingship was closely like to BLANK power.
Which of the following statements does not represent a difference between the Mutapa state and Great Zimbabwe?
Both the ancestors of northern Shona of Mutapa and the ancestors of southern Shona of Great Zimbabwe did not have a tradition of stone building.
Located in a fertile agricultural area near the Atlantic coast at the mouth of the Congo River, BLNAK was a notable kingdom in west central Africa.
Kinguri refers to
royal members breaking away from the Lunda kingdom as a result of rivalry to find there own dynasties
What allowed Ilunga Kalala to gain status and acceptance among the Luba?
the introduction of new hunting techniques including the use of the bow and iron-tipped arrow.
Which of the following statements concerning the origins of the early Luba kingdom is not correct?
Inhabited a kingdom called Nkongolo
What is not true of the Later Iron Age era?
It was a time in which Iron was made the currency in Africa
Which of the following is a difference in Later Iron Age states then Early Iron Age states?
People organized in larger political units, Territorial sovereignty was significant for rulers
What did the people of the Lake Kisale region but from the North?
The BLANK of the fifteenth century were less densely populated that the BLANK.
In Congo, the name "mani kabunga" was given to
The guardians of religious shrines
What was the main resource of Zambia and Malawi?
How long ago was the empire of Great Zimbabwe abandoned?
500 years ago
What was the major source of state wealth in Great Zimbabwe?
Taxation from trade
The lake Kisale region had been continuously occupied by BLANK since at least the forth century CE.
The Luba kings had only a very small standing army but this was backed up by
The powerful mystical and religious authority of the king
Why was the invading Portuguese arm limited to the Zambezi valley?
They were defeated by the drought, diseases and the resistance from the local Tonga of the valley
The Fatimid dinar became a basic unit of international currency
in the Swahili east Africa coastal cities
A major reason for the decline of the Ayyubid dynasty by the 13th century C.E. was the increased power and eventual dominant power of the Mamluk amirs.
Rule of Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt
Who was the Salah al-Din ibn Ayyub?
the commander responsible for the re-conquest of the Crusader territories during the late 12th century
Egypt under the Mamluks
Turkish slave soldiers who deposed the Ayyubids in 1250
During the 13th century and the 14th century, Mamluk protection was extended over the holy cities of
Mecca and Medina
Egypt was conquered by BLANK in 1517.
Egypt under Ottoman rule
all of the above
Under Failadas (1632-67), a permanent Ethiopian capital was established at
With he defeat of Granada n 1492, the Spanish ended nearly BLANK centuries of Muslim rule in southern Spain.
Which of the following ports located along the North African coast were seized by Portuguese and Spanish Christians during the late 15th and 16th centuries?
all of the above
The 16th century saw the rise of BLANK as an independent state.
Following Ahmad al-Mansur's death in 1603, the Moroccan state was weakened by dynastic disputes and for a while was split into the two rival sultanates of
Fes and Marrakesh
Production of what agricultural products increased when Egypt was under Fatimid rule?
Flax, Barley, Wheat
Which of the following was not an action of Salah- al Din?
He combined military recruitment with a reform in the system of taxation
The heads of wealthy noble families in Egypt were called BLANK.
What state came int being during the sixteenth century in Western Maghreb?
An Arab nomadic clan called the Sa'dis conquered and untied the whole of BLANK in the 1500s.
What was the major event of Ahmad al-Mansur's reign?
Conquest of Songhai in 1591
The Fatimids had conquered Egypt with a BLANK but effective BLANK army.
What was the most important innovation of Salah al-Din?
He combined military recruitment with a reform in the system of taxation
At about the same time as the too man conquest of Egypt a new non-Arab power finally replaced the declining Upper Nubian Christian kingdom of Alwa. The was:
The Funj Sultanate
When the Portuguese set out on their voyage of exploration along the west african cost their aims included all but but the following
to purchase slaves
In the 1470s, Portuguese traded copper, brass, and cloth in exchange for
In the 1480s, Portuguese settlers developed thriving sugar plantations in
Sao Tome and Principe
What served as model for plantation slavery in the Americas and the Caribbean?
The Sao Tome plantation system
Initially, the Portuguese bought west African captives and transported them to the farms and plantations of
southern Spain and Portugal
West African expectations about slavery included all except for
slaves were not a part of the captor's society and never could be
European traders did not have the BLANK power to go on their own extensive expeditions into the interior to capture slaves.
The main source of people for sale into slavery was those captured in
Reasons for why the transatlantic slave trade grew to include all but the following
Africans could not survive attacks of tropical diseases
From which coast of the African continent were people indigenous to the region denied their humanity and dignity and sold as slaves?
The second leg of the 'triangular' trade carried BLANK from Africa to the Americas.
The third leg of the 'triangular' trade carried BLANK from the Americas to Europe.
Several BLANK Africans were taken from their homes to serve as slaves in Europe and the Americas.
From the 15th century and the 19th century, Europeans removed, in significant numbers, BLANK African workers from their homes.
skilled and productive
The accumulated wealth of the United States and Europe during the 16th to 18th centuries is attributed to
millions of people enduring great suffering under the systematic exploitation of African slave labor
Which of the following did the Portuguese not initially take in exchange for African gold?
What did Portuguese settlers develop on the islands of Principe and Sao Tome?
Where was the salve labor for sugar plantations drawn from?
Southern Russia, North Africa, Southern Russia
In the early sixteenth century, BLANK became the largest single producer of sugar for the European market.
After 1630, which of the following countries became involved in the salve trade?
The gross cruelty of the transatlantic slave laid in the fact that
Those enslaved were not treated as human beings
What happened to slaves who died on board the ships to the Caribbean?
They were thrown overboard
What was the first step in the triangle trade?
Carrying manufactures goods from North America and Europe to Africa
Europeans found native populations n the areas of North and South America. Why did they need labor from Africa?
The Native Americans quickly began to die in huge numbers from diseases imported by the Europeans.
How did the early Europeans usually obtain their supply of slaves?
They obtained their slaves through trade with native African tribes.
Until the early 1500s, the European demand for slaves was relatively low. What changed that?
the discovery of the New World Christopher Columbus and the need for labor on the agricultural plantations of the Europeans
Which of the following is not a reason why Africans enslaved other Africans, and sold them to Europeans?
African rides were forced under threat of annihilation or war to sell others to the Europeans.
Which of the following was not a characteristic of a typical slave ship?
Slave ships were generally poorly constructed, and are more likely to fall part on their way to the Americans and make it there.
Which of the following is true about the path a slave-once captured-took to the market in Africa?
The slaves were tied together with ropes, or had "yokes" around their necks during the journey.
Which of the following was a difference between the lives and beliefs of the ships' crew and its human cargo?
African medicine was for more holistic than European medicine, and stressed the interconnectedness of mind, spirit and body.
What was not true about the rapid spread of disease on slave ships?
Generally ship doctors used primitive form of inoculation to prevent the worst diseases.
In the hierarchal society of West Africa, slavery
functioned as a means of assimilation into West African societies.
Some Africans taken as slaves never survived the trauma and depression of leaving Africa and the transatlantic voyage. The main causes of death were overfeeding and underwork.
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