unit 14

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

aid
to help someone
out of all recognition
in a way that makes it impossible to recognize who someone is or what something is
gravity
when something is very serious (powaga)
awareness
when you know about something (świadomość)
collecting (collection) box
a container for money that is given to a charity
occurrence
something that happens
advent
the start or arrival of something new
charitable
a charitable event, activity, or organization gives money, food, or help to people who need it
set up
the way that something is arranged or organized
in as much as (inasmuch as)
used to introduce a phrase which explains the degree to which something you have just said is true
as regards
used for introducing a subject that you will be discussing
hint
a useful suggestion or piece of advice/a sign that something exists or is going to happen
boost
the way that something is arranged or organized
proceeds
money that a person or organization makes from selling or winning something, or from organizing an event or activity
receipts
the total amount of money that a business or organization receives in a particular period of time
enterprise
a large or important project, especially one that is new or different
subsequent
happening or coming after something else
attendant
existing with something, or happening as a result of it
relevant
directly connected with and important to what is being discussed or considered
phone up
phone
pledge
to promise a certain amount of money for a particular purpose
affirm
to state that something is true or that you agree with it, especially in public
recall
to remember something
at any rate
used for changing a statement, and telling someone that one part of what has been mentioned is true
self-sufficiency
able to provide everything that you need by yourself, without help from other people
immunization
to prevent someone from getting a particular illness by putting a substance into their body, especially using a needle
irrigation
to bring water to land through a system of pipes, ditches etc in order to make crops grow
subsidy
an amount of money that the government or another organization pays to help to reduce the cost of a product or service
consumption
the use of something such as fuel or energy, or the amount that people use
renewable
renewable energy and natural materials replace themselves by natural processes, so that they are never completely used up
rainfall
the amount of rain that falls in a particular area during a particular period of time
shortage
a lack of something that you need or want
extinction
the situation when an animal, plant, or language no longer exists
deforestation
the process of removing the trees from an area of land
intervention
a situation in which someone becomes involved in a particular issue, problem etc in order to influence what happens
household
the people who live in a house or flat when they are considered as a single unit
bleach
a strong chemical used to kill harmful bacteria or to make coloured things white
pesticide
a chemical used for killing insects, especially those that damage crops
smog
polluted air that is a mixture of smoke and fog
overrated
not as good or important as some people believe
overjoyed
extremely pleased
underestimate
to think or guess that something is smaller, less important etc than it really is
oversimplify
to explain or consider something in a way that makes it seem more simple than it really is
undernourished
not healthy because of not enough food
overburden
to give someone more work or problems than they can deal with
underprivileged
not having as many advantages or opportunities as most other people
overcrowded
containing too many people or things
underlying
basic, although not obvious or directly stated
overpopulated
a place that is overpopulated has too many people living in it
rural
relating to the countryside, or in the countryside
essential
completely necessary, crucial
sparsely
existing in small amounts, or a large distance apart
impoverished
very poor
shanty town
an area where very poor people live in shanties
shanty
a badly built house made from sheets of wood, metal, or other thin material
densely
containing a lot of things or people close together
inadequate
not enough, or not good enough for a particular purpose
established
having existed for a long time, and therefore recognized as good or successful
pour into
to give a lot of effort, money, or help to someone or something
day to day life
occurring on a routine or daily basis/subsisting one day at a time with little regard for the future
subsist
to stay alive when you do not have much food or money (subsist on)/ to exist
devalue
to officially reduce the value of a country's money
rule out
to stop considering something as a possibility
roundly
in a strong and clear way
condemn
to say publicly that you think someone or something is bad or wrong
ethnic cleansing
the use of violence to force people from a particular ethnic group to leave an area
wash away
if something such as rain or a river washes something away, it carries it away
flood out
if people are flooded out, their home becomes filled with water and they are forced to leave
devaluation
an official reduction in the value of a country's money
soil erosion
the process by which soil is gradually removed by the rain, wind, or sea
ablaze
burning with a lot of flames/ bright and full of light or colour
smoulder
to burn slowly, producing smoke but no flames
drought
a long period of time when there is little or no rain and crops die
malnutrition
a medical condition in which you are weak or ill because you do not eat enough or do not eat enough of the right foods
undernourishment
someone who is undernourished is not healthy because they do not get enough food
block out
to stop light or sound from reaching something
cut off
to stop someone from going somewhere, especially by blocking their way/to make a place difficult or impossible to enter, leave, or communicate with
epidemic
a situation in which a disease spreads very quickly and infects many people
plague
any serious disease that spreads quickly to a lot of people and usually ends in death
sea level
the average level of the sea in relation to the land. The heights of parts of the land are measured from sea level