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interest group

an organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy


something of value one cannot get without joining an organization

solidary incentive

the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations

material incentive

money or things valued in monetary terms

purposive inventive

a benefit that comes from serving a cause or principle

ideological interest groups

political organizations that attract members by appealing to their political convictions or principles

public interest lobby

a political organization whose goals will principally benefit non-members

social movement

a widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order

political cue

a signal telling a legislator what values are at stake in a vote and how that issue fits into his or her own political views in party agenda


assessments of a representatives voting record on issues important to an interest group

client politics

situation that arises when a government agency services as well as regulates a distinct group

political cues

signal telling a legislator what values are at stake in a vote and how that issue fits into his or her own political views on party agenda

direct mail

the use of targeted mailings to prospective supporters, usually compiled from lists of those who have contributed to candidates and parties in the past.

dirty dozen

list of politicians published by the league of conservation voters who have poor environmental records.

federal regulation of lobbying act

defines lobbyist as one whose "principal purpose" is to influence legislation b. registration required of lobbyists c. disclosure required of lobbyist's employer, finances, and legislation to be influenced d. publication of disclosed information included in congressional record every quarter

section 501 c 3 organizations

nonprofit group that addresses political matters but cannot lobby or campaign

section 501 c 4 organizations

nonprofit group that lobbies, campaigns and received non-tax deductible donations


local efforts to raise money, raise awareness of certain issues, or influence political leaders.

Insider Strategy

strategy of lobbyists that work closely with a few key members of congress, meeting them privately to exchange information and favors

issue public

a group of people particularly affected by, or concerned with, a specific issue


a person who is employed by and acts for an organized interest group or corporation to try to influence policy decisions and positions in the executive and legislative branches

revolving door

employment cycle in which individuals who work for government agencies that regulate interests eventually end up working for interest groups or businesses with the same policy concern.


national rifle association; a powerful lobby that advocates the right to own and bear arms and rejects any gun regulation by the government


american association of retired persons; nationwide organization for people over 50 and promotes welfare of senior citizens

League of Women Voters

dedicated to keeping women voters informed about candidates and issues


national association for the advancement of colored people, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for african americans, got supreme court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional


American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations which joined in 1955


(1966) org. National organization of Women formed to work for economic and legal rights of women. acted from the liberal tenet that women and men are alike in important respects and, therefore, entitled to equal rights and opportunities. extremely effective in enacting rhetorical strategies that have brought about concrete changes in laws and policies that enlarge women's opportunities and protect their rights


national abortion and reproductive rights action league

Black Panthers

a black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed. the organization marked a shift in policy of the black movement, favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest.

Urban League

network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help african americans get settled and find work in the cities

Environmental Defense fund

nuclear power plants, industrial boilers, and cement plants band in terms of pollution (mercury air) guided by science, we design and transform markets to bring lasting solutions to the most serious environmental problems

National Wildlife Federation

leading voice in wildy preservation funded by gun industry-nd planners,hunters,peeps who cherish wildy/aesthetic grounds, firearms company financially intresting in preserving wildlife for hunters


a labor union in the us and canada that represents blue collar and professional workers in both the public and private sectors;1.4 million members;truckers


service employees international union


national education association - union for educational employees; protects rights of public school/college/university teachers, faculty/support staff, retired educators

Sierra club

oldest and largest grassroots environmental organization in the united states. it was founded on may 28, 1892 in san francisco, california by the well-known conservationist and preservationist john muir, who became its first president


Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now

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