an organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations
ideological interest groups
political organizations that attract members by appealing to their political convictions or principles
a signal telling a legislator what values are at stake in a vote and how that issue fits into his or her own political views in party agenda
situation that arises when a government agency services as well as regulates a distinct group
signal telling a legislator what values are at stake in a vote and how that issue fits into his or her own political views on party agenda
the use of targeted mailings to prospective supporters, usually compiled from lists of those who have contributed to candidates and parties in the past.
list of politicians published by the league of conservation voters who have poor environmental records.
federal regulation of lobbying act
defines lobbyist as one whose "principal purpose" is to influence legislation b. registration required of lobbyists c. disclosure required of lobbyist's employer, finances, and legislation to be influenced d. publication of disclosed information included in congressional record every quarter
section 501 c 3 organizations
nonprofit group that addresses political matters but cannot lobby or campaign
section 501 c 4 organizations
nonprofit group that lobbies, campaigns and received non-tax deductible donations
local efforts to raise money, raise awareness of certain issues, or influence political leaders.
strategy of lobbyists that work closely with a few key members of congress, meeting them privately to exchange information and favors
a person who is employed by and acts for an organized interest group or corporation to try to influence policy decisions and positions in the executive and legislative branches
employment cycle in which individuals who work for government agencies that regulate interests eventually end up working for interest groups or businesses with the same policy concern.
national rifle association; a powerful lobby that advocates the right to own and bear arms and rejects any gun regulation by the government
american association of retired persons; nationwide organization for people over 50 and promotes welfare of senior citizens
national association for the advancement of colored people, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for african americans, got supreme court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
(1966) org. National organization of Women formed to work for economic and legal rights of women. acted from the liberal tenet that women and men are alike in important respects and, therefore, entitled to equal rights and opportunities. extremely effective in enacting rhetorical strategies that have brought about concrete changes in laws and policies that enlarge women's opportunities and protect their rights
a black political organization that was against peaceful protest and for violence if needed. the organization marked a shift in policy of the black movement, favoring militant ideals rather than peaceful protest.
network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help african americans get settled and find work in the cities
Environmental Defense fund
nuclear power plants, industrial boilers, and cement plants band in terms of pollution (mercury air) guided by science, we design and transform markets to bring lasting solutions to the most serious environmental problems
National Wildlife Federation
leading voice in wildy preservation funded by gun industry-nd planners,hunters,peeps who cherish wildy/aesthetic grounds, firearms company financially intresting in preserving wildlife for hunters
a labor union in the us and canada that represents blue collar and professional workers in both the public and private sectors;1.4 million members;truckers
national education association - union for educational employees; protects rights of public school/college/university teachers, faculty/support staff, retired educators
oldest and largest grassroots environmental organization in the united states. it was founded on may 28, 1892 in san francisco, california by the well-known conservationist and preservationist john muir, who became its first president