Federalism, Checks and Balances, Separation of Powers

SS7C34, SS7C17
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Terms in this set (...)

Concurrent powers
powers shared by the national, state, and/or local government
Delegated powers
the powers specifically named and assigned to the federal government or prohibited to be exercised by the states under the U.S. Constitution; also known as enumerated powers.
Enumerated powers
the powers specifically named and assigned to the federal government or prohibited to be exercised by the states under the U.S. Constitution, also known as delegated powers
Federal government
the national level of government; the government of the United States
Federalism
a system of government in which power is divided and shared between national, state, and local governments
Local government
the government of a municipality (city) or county
Reserved powers
powers that are not granted to the federal government that belong to (are reserved for) the states and the people, see Tenth Amendment
State government
the government of an individual state
Supremacy Clause
the clause that states that the U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land, and that national laws are supreme over state laws, found in Article VI (six)
Tenth Amendment
the final amendment in the Bill of Rights, it states: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people
Constitutional government
a form of government based on a written set of laws that all citizens agree to; in this form of government the constitution is the highest law of the land.
Checks and balances
a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches.
Separation of powers
the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities.