Terms in this set (51)
What are the three Semitic religions
To surrender (To God)
Where does Islam's knowledge come from? (2)
What does the Islamic religion encourage? (2) (1st Key)
- cross-cultural fertilization
What doe this mean?
faith mixed because Muslim was in different places around the world
Whenever they found new land, they found their way to Islamic belief
What did Islam rely on? (1)(2nd key)
earlier Jewish and Christian traditions
Who is Muhammad?
the founder of Islam
What did he considered himself as?
the last of a line of prophets that included Moses and Jesus
What is a fundamental principle of the Islamic Community? (3rd key)
union of the religious and secular spheres of life.
What does the third key mean?
that political and religion rulers were not separated (everyone had to be the same thing)
What are Christians familiar with?
the opposite - the separation of church and state
Fourth Key to Islam (4)
tolerance of other faiths
What would he gives other religions?
freedom but you had to pay a tax because it wasn't the dominant faith
When did the Islam religion begin and by who?
- Mohammed (or Muhammad)
- middle of 500's AD
Who was Mohammed before he founded Islam?
Organized Caravans (a group of people that traveled together in the desert to plan a trip to get across safely) and spent time in the desert praying
What did Mohammed tell people?
When he was meditating (praying) in the desert, the Archangel Gabriel came to him and told him that God wanted him to begin a new religion - Islam
What happened with the religion at first?
people did not believe him and he was forced to flee in his hometown but then they began to believe , his words were recorded in the Holy Book the Koran
What happened after going to Medina
he forms an army and conquers Mecca and forces them to believe in Islam
fleeing of Mecca to Medina
The Holies City of Islam
the five pillars of Islam, known as the Islamic Principles
columns that hold up buildings
What is the first pillar?
profession of faith
What is the profession of faith quote?
"There is no God except Allah, Mohammed is his prophet"
How many Gods to the Muslims believe in?
Who is their God?
Who is Allah's prophet?
What is the second pillar?
How often and when do they pray?
5 times a day
What is the Muslim supposed to do when he/she prays?
face Mecca and recite his prayers
- must pray in Arabic
When is the only mandatory praying service?
Friday : the Muslim holy day
Islamic Temple where they pray
What is the third pillar?
Instills the sense of responsibility for the poor
What do the Muslims prefer
To DIRECTLY help the poor rather than charities
What is the fourth pillar?
When does fasting occur?
Once a year, for one month Muslims fast from dawn to sundown
What month does fasting take place?
What is the fifth pillar?
What is every Muslim expected to do?
to make a pilgrimage, or haj (Holy Journey) to Mecca at least once
What does the Muslim do after entering the city?
walk around the Kaa'ba 7 times and make a journey to Mt. Arafat
Who is forbidden entering Mecca?
Everyone but muslims
How many chapter does it have?
90 ordered by length
Who re the most important figure in the Koran?
Christians and Jews
What does the Koran Prohibit? (3)
- drinking wine
- eating pork
What is another rule in the Koran?
you can have more than one wife, but must take care of all of them
What is the Koran punishment for stealing?
cutting off a hand
Under the Koran, women have few rights