WH Unit 3 Exam (2015-2016)

Here are some cards to help you study for the Renaissance and Reformation quiz.
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95 Theses
This document, written by Martin Luther, listed complaints against the Catholic Church and started the Reformation
Martin Luther
German priest whose ideas started the Protestant Reformation and the creation of Lutheranism
Humanism
Characteristic of the Renaissance that stresses the value of human beings, beauty and potential.
Individualism
This was one of the characteristics of the Renaissance that stressed the power of individual people and their personalities. This was evident in portrait painting.
Secularism
This was one of the characteristics of the Renaissance that stressed "worldly" things: money, materialism, success. This was a movement away from the church
Reformation
This event, started by Martin Luther, resulting in the breaking up of Christianity into many different branches, such as Lutheranism, Anglicanism, Calvinism
Florence
The Italian city-state where the Renaissance began
Patron of the Arts
Wealthy people during the Renaissance who paid artists to complete works of art
Sale of Indulgences
A controversial church practice of selling forgiveness for sins. This was one of the things Martin Luther spoke out against.
Renaissance
This period of time was a turn against the Middle Ages. It saw changes in art and religion. It was a time period of questioning and a belief in the value of the human being. Three characteristics of the Renaissance: Secularism, Individualism and Humanism
Ghana and Mali are located in what region of Africa?
West Africa
How did trade impact the African Kingdoms?
Trade made the kingdoms wealthy
The most important city of Mali was?
Timbuktu
What religion was closely linked to African trade?
Islam
Which city became a center of Islamic learning and education(scholarship)?
Timbuktu
What two items made up the majority of trade in West Africa?
Gold and Salt
Trade across desert zone required the use of what type of animal known as "ships of the desert."
Camels
This desert covers 10% of the African continent.
Sahara Desert
The large Christian empire that existed in East Africa was
Ethiopia
This African kingdom was known for having wealthy cities and high stone walls.
Great Zimbabwe
This king of Mali went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and gave away gold along the way. He returned and inspired the construction of Timbuktu.
Mansa Musa
True or False: African kingdoms were isolated from other parts of the world.
False
Why were the trans-Saharan trade routes significant to world history?
They linked the trade to that of the Mediterranean region and Silk Road.
Kingdoms in West Africa were influenced by this religion
Islam
The reasons for exploration: spread christianity, find wealth and get famous
"God, Gold and Glory"
An Italian explorer who traveled west in order to get to Asia. Instead, he bumped into a new continent. But he never realized this and always thought he was in Asia.
Christopher Columbus
The system of trading between Europe, Africa and the New World. Raw materials would flow to Europe. Then, from Europe manufactured goods would flow to Africa in exchange for slaves. Slaves then would be brought to the new world.
Triangular Trade
The middle leg of the triangular trade which brought millions of African people to the New World as slaves.
Middle Passage
Which country started the Age of Exploration?
Portugal. Then followed by Spain. The two countries competed with each other, with Spain soon dominating the exploration era.
What were the results of the Age of Exploration?
1. New lands discovered
2. Overseas trade & expansion
3. New products distributed across the world
4. Global slave trade
5. Competition and war among nations
6. Destruction of Aztecs & Incas
The global transfer of products between the old and new worlds; included horses and disease to the Americas. Corn, potatoes and tomatoes to the old world.
Columbian Exchange
Powerful and warlike people who created an empire in central Mexico. The capital was Tenochtitlan. Conquered by Cortes.
Aztec
Native empire in the Andes Mountains in South America. Built Machu Picchu. Conquered by Pizarro.
Inca
Biggest factor in the destruction of Native populations during the age of exploration
Disease