Why acquire nuclear weapons?
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Terms in this set (16)
1) Stable deterrence: (Mutual Assured Destruction) key is both sides having second strike capability (a country's assured ability to respond to a nuclear attack with powerful nuclear retaliation against the attacker)
2) Unstable deterrence: one side or both sides have no second strike capability (India - Pakistan)
3) US' strategic defense initiative (SDI): Anti-missile system. Destabilizing the MAD? Yes, to an extent because the SDI eliminates an enemy countries second strike capabilities.
4) Extended deterrence: ability to deter attacks on allies
Cold issues vs hot issuesCold: more or less issues Hot: either or or issue (ex: either sunni or shiate)Paul CollierInternational responses, inordinate and incompetentWhat to do to end civil wars?1)Let one side prevail: victory and domination 2)Segregate: partition, redrawing boundaries, swapping populations (Dalrympal; Kaufman) 3)Build a new nation (identity): crafting institutions that reward moderation, integration 4) Forge a power sharing or power dividing agreement.Power sharing and power dividing agreement1)for diversity and inclusivenessArend Lijphorts' consociational model1)Consociationalism is a form of democracy which seeks to regulate the sharing of power in a state that comprises diverse societies (distinct ethnic, religious, political, national or linguistic groups), by allocating these groups collective rights. 2)proportionality, local autonomy, mutual vetoesPower sharing and power dividing agreement likely to be adopted if three conditions are met:1)The war has been long drawn without a clear winner 2)Casualty low 3)Promised international peace keeping Ex: Lebanon.