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Health

meh:3
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Def. of Temperature
the measurment of core body heat
Routes to measure temperature (4)
oral, rectally, axillary, and tympanic
Types of Thermometers & Where you use them
digital electronic:oral,rectal,axillary
thermoscan:tympanic
mercury or glass:oral,rectal,axillary
Norm Temp Range: Oral
97.6-99.6 degrees Fahrenheit
Norm Temp Range: Rectally
99.6-100.6 degrees Fahrenheit
Norm Temp Range: Tympanic
99.6-100.6 degrees Fahrenheit
Norm Temp Range: Axillary
96.6-98.6 degrees Fahrenheit
Temperature: Probes that are red in color are for
rectal temperatures
Temperature: Probes blue in color are for
oral and axillary
Duration for taking temperatures:Tympanic
as long as it takes to push a button
Duration for taking temperatures: Electronic
until the thermometer beeps
Duration for taking temperatures: Mercury Oral
Three Minutes
Duration for taking temperatures: Mercury Rectal
Three minutes
Duration for taking temperatures: Mercury Axillary
Ten minutes
What to remember about RECTAL and AXILLARY temps (3)
*always hold thermometer in place while measuring both temps
*always use lubricant for rectal temps
*always remove clothing around axilla
Definition of Pulse
the wave of blood created by the heart pumping, that travels along the arteries
Where do you find Pulses or Pulse Points
@ points where the artery is between fingertips and a bony area
Pulse Points and their Locations (8)
Temporal-temple; Carotid-neck; Apical-chest/heart; Brachial-inside upper arm; Radial-wrist; Femoral- inner thigh; Popliteal-behind your knee; Dorsal Pedalis- top of your foot
How Pulse is measured? (3)
*measured in beats per minute
*count waves for 60 seconds
*count waves for 30 sec and mult by 2
Norm Pulse Range
60-100 bpm
Pulse Norm- Gray Area-High Normal
90-100 bpm
Faster than 100 bpm (Pulse)
tachycardia
Slower than 60 bpm (pulse)
bradycardia
Quality of pulse (3)
*Rhythm- reg. or irreg.
*Rate- w/in norm limits
*Strength- strong, bounding, thready
What will affect Pulse Rate and Quality? (4)
Body Temp, Emotions, Activity Level, and Health of Heart
Definition of Respiration
the mechanical act of breathing in air (inspiration) and expelling air (expiration) from the body
Respiration is measured in..?
breaths per minute
Norm Range Respiration
12-24 breaths per minute
Greater than 24 breaths per minute?
Less than 12?
tachypnea
bradypnea
Things to watch for when measuring respiration? (4)
rate, depth, quality of breath, and difficulty in breathing
Method of measuring TPR (3)
*If using merc. therm., measure pulse and respiration while waiting on temp.
*If using another method of measuring the temperature, complete temp-then measure pulse and respiration
*keep your fingers on the pulse while measuring respiration
Things to remember: Charting (writing data) (4)
*Chart in order temp-puls-resp
*do not write T=, etc.
*write (Ax) after axillary temps
*write (R) after rectal temps
SOB
short of breath
TPR
temp-pulse-respiration w/in norm limits
P.O.
by mouth
BID
twice a day
TID
three times a day
QID
four times a day
QS
every shift
QD
every day
PRN
as needed
Ad Lib
at liberty
B/P
blood pressure
VS
vital signs
Eupnea
norm breathing
Orthopnea
sitting upright to breathe more easily
apnea
no breath
hyperpnea
fast, deep breathing
tachypnea
fast, shallow breathing
bradypnea
slow breathing
dyspnea
painful or difficult breathing
thready pulse
pulse rate difficult ot palpate b/c the heart is not beating hard enough to produce a strong wave of blood. feels as though there is a piece of thread running under fingertips