72 terms

Football

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Audible
Verbal commands shouted by the quarterback to his teammates to change a play on short notice
Backfield
The area behind the line of scrimmage
Backs
The running back: the halfback and fullback
Ball carrier
Any player who has possession of the ball
Blitz
Play where the defensive team sends players rushing towards the line of scrimmage as soon as the ball is snapped to try to sack the quarterback
Blocking
The act of preventing a defensive player from getting to the ball carrier; blockers use their arms and bodies but may not hold an opponent
Bomb
Long pass thrown onto her receiver sprinting down the field
Clipping
Blocking an opponent below the waist from behind; personal foul punishable by a 15 yard penalty
Down
One of four chances a team on offense has to gain 10 yards also the state of a player was just been tackled also a ball that a player touches to the ground in the Endzone to get a touchback
Encroachment
If a player (besides the center) is in the neutral zone and contacts occur prior to the snap; foul punishable by a 5 yard penalty
End line
A boundary line that runs the width of the field along each end
End zone
The area between the end line and the goal line bounded by the sidelines which a team on offense tries to enter to score a touchdown
Extra point(s)
Additional points scored by a team after it has scored a touchdown either by point after touchdown earth two point conversion
Fair catch
When a kick returner decides only to catch a punt or kick off and not advance it protecting himself from being hit by an opponent; he signals for it by raising one hand in the air and waving it
Field-goal
A place kick that passes above the crossbar and between a brights of the goalpost earning the team that kicked it three points
First down
The first chance out of four that a team on offense has to advanced 10 yards down the field as soon as it gains those yards, it earns a new first down
Forward pass
A pass thrown by a team closer to the opponents goal line a team is allowed to throw only one of these per play and must be thrown from behind the teams line of scrimmage
Free kick
A type of kick taken to start or restart play after team has scored with no defenders nearer than 10 yards away includes a kick off and a kick after a safety
Fumble
When a ball carrier loses possession by dropping the ball or having it knocked away before a play ends first player to regain possession of the loose ball is said to make the recovery and his team becomes the offense
Goal line
A line drawn across the width of the field 10 yards inside each line which a team must cross with the ball to score a touchdown
Goalpost
A tall metallic structure that stands at the back of each end zone; consist of a crossbar and two uprights that extend upwards from it; supported directly above the end line by a base; teams try to kick the ball above the crossbar and between the uprights to score a field goal or extra point
Gridiron
The football field
Hand off
Running play where the quarterback in hand the ball to a back
Hang time
The length of time a punt is in the air
Holding
A foul where a player impedes the movement of an opponent by grasping or hooking any part of his body or uniform; punishable by a penalty - 10 yards if against the offense 5 yards (10 yards in college) plus a first down if against the defense
Intentional grounding
Foul called against a quarterback who purposely throws an incomplete forward pass solely to avoid a sack; cannot be called if the past lands at Or beyond the line of scrimmage
Interception
A past caught in the air (picked off) by a defender who's team immediately games to session of the ball and becomes the offense
Kick off
When a player kicks a ball from the tee at his own 30 yard line (35 in college) to the opposing half and overtime, and to restart play after each score
Lateral
A pass thrown to a teammate backwards from the team's line of scrimmage or parallel to it; unlike a forward pass (which can be thrown only once per play) players may do this as often as they want
Line of scrimmage
An imaginary line which no player may cross before the snap; each team has its own, separated by the neutral zone
Lineman
A player who starts each play with in 1 yard of his line of scrimmage
Live ball
A ball becomes this as soon as it is snapped or free kicked; opposite of a dead ball
Loose ball
A ball that is not in possession of either team, such as after a fumble or a kick off; it can be recovered by either team
Midfield
The 50 yard line which divides the length of the field in half
Necessary line
Imaginary line the offense must cross to achieve a new first down
Neutral zone
The region that contains the ball as it sits on the ground before each play; the area between the two lines of scrimmage
Nickel defense
When a defense brings in a fifth defensive back to replace a linebacker on the field, increasing its pass coverage
Offsides
When any part of the players body is beyond his line of scrimmage when the ball is snapped; a foul punishable by a 5 yard penalty
Out of bounds
The region of the field touching or outside the sidelines and end lines; as soon as a ball carrier or the ball itself touches out of bounds the play is over
Personal foul
A foul that might cause injury; punishable by a 15 yard penalty
Pitch-out
A lateral tossed from a quarterback to running back
Place kick
A kick towards the goal post for a field goal or extra point; held between the ground and another players finger
Play
A spurt of action that begins with a snap and ends with a dead ball
Point-after-touchdown (PAT)
Place kick taken from the opponents 2 yard line (3 yard line in college) awarded to a team that has scored a touchdown, it is worth one point if it goes through the goalpost
Possession
To be holding or in control of the football
Previous spot
Where the ball was snapped to begin the last play
Punt
When a player 10 yards behind the center catches a snap, drops it and kicks it before it hits the ground; an opponent tried to catch it and advance it the other way
Pylon
A short orange marker at each of the end zones four corners
Quarterback
The leader of the teams offense, he takes the snap from the center and either hands the ball to a running back to run with, passes it to a receiver or runs with it himself; he also communicates each play to his teammates
Receiver
An offensive player who catches or tries to catch a forward pass
Red zone
The imaginary area between the defenses 20 yard line and it's goal line from which the offense is most likely to score points
Sack
A tackle of the quarterback behind his line of scrimmage
Safety
When a ballcarrier is tackled in his own Endzone after bringing the ball there under his own power; the defense earns two points and receive a free kick from the offenses own 20 yard line
Series
A group of four downs a team has to advanced 10 yards
Sideline
The boundary line that runs the length of the field along each side; a ball carrier or ball that touches or crosses the sideline is out of bounds
Snap
When the center while facing forward quickly hands the ball between his legs to a player standing behind him (usually the quarterback) to start each play
Special teams
The group of players who participate and kicking plays
Spiral
A ball past or kicked with a spin which propels it further with more accuracy; the ball points the same direction throughout it's flight
Spot
A location on the field, determined by an official, to mark forward progress or the place of a foul
Stiff arm (or straight arm)
A push by a ball carrier to ward off the tackler
Tackle
A player position on both the offense and defense lines; there is usually a left and right offensive tackle and a left and right defense tackle
Tackling
Contacting the ballcarrier to cause him to touch the ground with any part of his body except his hands thereby ending the play
Territory
The half of the field a team protects against its opponents
Touchback
When a player who gains possession of the ball in his own Endzone kneels to the ground and automatically starts the next play on his own 20 yard line; also awarded if his opponent kicks the ball across the end line
Touchdown (TD)
When a team crosses the opponents goal line with the ball, catches a pass in the opponents end zone, or recovers a loose ball in the opponents end zone; earns a team six points
Turnover
The involuntary loss of possession of the ball during a play, either by a fumble or by throwing an interception
Two point conversion
When a team that just scored a touchdown starts a play at the opponents 2 yard line and crosses the goal line to earn two points; when successful, it looks just like a touchdown
Touchdown field goal safety point after touchdown
4 ways to score points
Colts dolphins bears bills Broncos
5 nfl teams
Outside and middle Linebacker cornerback tackle safety
5 defense
Wide receiver quarterback running back tackle guard
5 offense
Encroachment false start holding offsides personal foul
5 penalties