Create an account
English Sonnet (Shakespearean)
14-line sonnet consisting of three quatrains of abab cdcd efef followed by a couplet, gg. Usually uses iambic pentameter.
poetic meter consisting of five repetitions of an iamb; most closely approximates the normal rhythm of English
poetry that depicts a peaceful, idealized country scene; otherwise a long poem telling a story about heroes of a byegone age
Italian sonnet (Petrarchan)
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba followed by six lines with rhyme patter cdecde or cdcdcd
poetry that entertains with humor or wit; some, like satire, has an underlying serious intent
once referred to poetry meant to be sung to music; now describes any short, concentrated poem expressing personal feelings
usually a long, complex lyric expressing profound emotion; usually has a more elaborate and exalted expression and style than other lyric
running over of a sentence from line or stanza into another so that closely related words fall in different lines
generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; measured in units of feet
regularly recurring phrase or verse especially at the end of each stanza or division of a poem or song
division of a poem consisting of a series of lines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme
repetition at close intervals of initial identical consonant sounds; or vowel sounds in successive words or syllables that repeat
repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect
rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences
rhyme between a word within a line and another either at the end of the same line or within another line
repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have same grammatical structure or that state a similar idea
object or characteristic associated with the subject used in place of the subject (ex. the pen is mightier than the sword)
statement that contains seemingly contradictory elements or appears contrary to common sense, yet can be seen as true when viewed from another angle
something that stands for or suggests something else by reason of relationship, association, convention, or accidental resemblance; especially a visible sign of something else
figure of speech by which part stands for whole ("fifty sails" for "fifty ships"), whole for part ("society" for "high society") the species for the genus ("cutthroat" for "assassin"), genus for species ("creature" for "man") or the name of the material for the thing made ("boards" for "stage")
words or expressions which contain two or more meanings simultaneously, helpful in a genre which requires language to condense meanings in a compact space
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together