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Terms in this set (30)
The stock market crashed and the Depression began
Why was the year 1929 a turning point in the U.S.?
What cause of the Great Depression led to the stock market crash?
What cause of the Great Depression led to a decline in world trade?
What caused many ordinary Americans to lose their savings during the Great Depression?
overspeculation in the stock market, bank failures, high tariffs, poor monetary policy by the Federal Reserve
What are four causes of the Great Depression?
buying on the margin
What is called when people borrow money to buy stocks?
What physical factor contributed to the Dust Bowl?
What caused the migration of farmers from the Great Plains to the west coast?
What was the result of factories and corporations closing in the 1930s?
Mexican Repatriation Act
What law was passed as a result of the competition for farm jobs in the 1930s?
What President is criticized for not taking action to help the homeless and unemployed during the Depression?
What economic policy did Herbert Hoover follow by not using the government to stop the Depression?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
What President used the government to intervene in the economy and aid the poor through his New Deal policies?
What First Lady was politically active and worked to help the poor during the Great Depression?
Huey Long, Dr. Francis Townsend, Father Coughlin
What liberal leaders opposed the New Deal because they believed it did not go far enough to help the poor?
The government was interfering in the free market was too expensive
What are two reasons conservatives opposed the New Deal?
What was Franklin Roosevelt's plan to improve the economy using Relief, Recovery, and Reform policies?
Civilian Conservation Corps, Works Progress Administration, Public Works Administration
What are three New Deal agencies that provided jobs for the unemployed?
Agricultural Adjustment Act
What New Deal program paid farmers (subsidized) for their surplus crops in order to keep prices stable?
Tennessee Valley Authority
What New Deal agency provided electricity and jobs to improve the standard of living in a rural region?
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) and SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)
What two New Deal agencies regulated and restored confidence in the nation's financial institutions?
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
What New Deal Agency insures people's bank deposits?
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)
What New Deal Agency regulates the stock market?
Social Security Administration
What New Deal Agency provides pensions to retired workers, death benefits to dependents, and unemployment insurance?
National Recovery Agency and the Agricultural Adjustment Act
What two New Deal programs were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court because it interfered in the free market?
What is it called when the government borrows money to spend?
checks and balances
What principle of the Constitution was F. Roosevelt trying to get around by announcing his court-packing plan?
What branch of government was F. Roosevelt trying to make more powerful with his court-packing plan?
What photographer increased sympathy for the poor with photographs of people facing economic hardship?
What writer coined the term "Oakies" and showed the problems of farmers during the Depression?
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