17 terms

Medieval Key Terms

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Medeival
the age around 486 A.D also know as the Middle Age
serf
peasant of the Middle ages
Noble
a person of high rank by birth or title
Manor
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
Feudalism
government system where land was exhanged for loyalty and military support
Feudal Contract
an agreement between the Lord of a Manor and thier serfs. goods and labor are exchanged for protection and stability.
three field system
farmland divided into three equal-sized fields, in which crops were rotated
fallow
land left alone between growing seasons.
Dark Ages
term used to describe the early Middle Ages; no stability, no education
vassal
person granted land from a lord in return for services.
chivalry
a code that knights adopted in the late Middle Ages; requiring them to be brave, loyal and true to their word; they had to fight fairly in battle.
guild
an organization of workers in a particular trade that sets prices and working conditions
apprentice
a person who is training under a "master" for a specific skill.
Charlemagne
Emperor of early Medieval Europe. Was crowned by the Pope.
FLying Buttresses
stone supports that stood outside the church
Romanesque
style of architecture- large, squat, heavy construction.
Gothic
style of architecture- tall, ornate, with flying butresses